A to Z: Autismenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about developmental disorders and conditions that affect children's moods, activities, and interactions.Autism, autism spectrum disorder, ASD, autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, PDD, Asperger syndrome, developmental disorders, autism spectrum, early intervention programs, speech therapy, behavioral therapy, occupational therapy, childhood development, developmental milestones, CD1Autism08/14/201303/18/201909/02/2019dc83c43f-5202-43b5-987e-e6a60898d1fdhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-autism.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><strong>May also be called: Autistic Disorder; Autism Spectrum Disorder; ASD&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/">Autism</a> refers to a wide range of developmental disorders that affect the brain and make communicating and interacting with other people more difficult.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>People with autism have differences in the way their brains develop and process information. They might have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/not-talk.html/">language delays</a> or trouble communicating with others, perform certain unusual or repetitive behaviors, or have difficulties learning in school.</p> <p>No two cases of autism are exactly alike &mdash; depending on a person's condition, symptoms can be severe and interfere with everyday tasks, or they can be mild and cause few problems. Doctors and scientists call this range of symptoms a "spectrum."<a class="kh_anchor"><br /></a></p> <p>Causes of autism are not yet fully understood, but scientists believe that <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genes</a> and environmental factors are involved. Signs of autism are usually recognizable by 2 or 3 years of age and include trouble relating to others, delays in developmental milestones, not using or understanding language as a child that age typically would, and a sense that the child seems to be in his or her "own world."</p> <p>Treatment for autism is based on&nbsp;individual needs and may include behavioral, educational, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/speech-therapy.html/">speech</a>, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/">occupational</a> therapies.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>With early and appropriate treatment that usually includes speech and behavioral therapy, kids and teens with autism can have the opportunity to reach their best potential. Help for those with autism and their families is available through early intervention programs and educational and therapeutic programs offered through local school districts or other educational facilities.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Autism Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about autism, and teaching strategies to help students with autism do their best in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/autism-factsheet.html/650861de-5969-4295-b2ab-8d1ecb795f9d
Autism Spectrum DisorderAutism spectrum disorder affects a child's ability to communicate and learn. Early intervention and treatment can help kids improve skills and do their best.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/a7b0ca96-5b1f-412c-9da9-80bf22c8bba6
Going to a Speech TherapistYou might visit a speech therapist if you're having trouble speaking or understanding others. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/speech-therapist.html/949b7d74-02e5-451d-b374-bf774e71c3de
Going to an Occupational TherapistOccupational therapy helps children overcome obstacles to be as independent as possible. Learn more about OT.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/occupational-therapist.html/9ecadc70-436b-4573-a947-12df6b333021
Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)Some kids may be eligible for individualized education programs in public schools, free of charge. Understanding how to access these services can help you be an effective advocate for your child.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/iep.html/ef341e68-df36-41ee-a535-d8b3906379f7
Making Friends: Answers for Teens With AutismYou might want to make new friends, but aren’t sure how to do it. This article for teens with autism can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/making-friends.html/c7f78d15-e9a9-4114-91d5-936c6123b0e7
Occupational TherapyOccupational therapy can help improve kids' cognitive, physical, and motor skills and build their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/e6873992-af60-4bab-82d9-3bd1fe9ad5a3
Support for Parents of Kids With Special NeedsYou might have more on your plate than most parents, but it doesn't mean you have to do it all alone. Here's how to ask for help and avoid caregiver burnout.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/parents-support.html/1ec27c28-85eb-44dc-9057-ec0ea299847b