A to Z: Arthrogryposisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about congenital conditions and conditions that affect the muscles and joints in newborn babies.Arthrogryposis, arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, AMC, congenital multiple arthrogryposis, fibrous ankylosis of multiple joints, multiple congenital contractures, muscles, joints, fetal development, fetal akinesia, congenital conditions, physical therapy, occupational therapy, serial casting, splinting, micrognathia, scoliosis11/06/201303/18/201909/02/2019ffe94ae5-59fd-420b-8a59-a102fc825bcahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-arthrogryposis.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><strong>May also be called: Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenital (AMC); Multiple Congenital Contractures</strong></p> <p>Arthrogryposis (ar-thro-grih-POH-sis) is a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/">congenital</a> (present at birth) condition of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">joints and muscles</a> that impairs a person's&nbsp;ability to use joints such as shoulders, wrists, fingers, and lower extremities.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Arthrogryposis refers to a group of disorders that result in stiffness or loss of motion in multiple joints. There are many variations of the disease, some mild and some severe. In mild cases, only a few joints may be affected, and a child&nbsp;may have nearly full range of motion. In extreme cases, nearly every joint is affected, including those of the jaw and back.</p> <p>Symptoms of arthrogryposis include rigid joints, underdeveloped or absent muscle groups, deformities that are usually similar on both sides of the body, and smaller than normal jaws that may have a limited range of motion.</p> <p>Arthrogryposis usually results from a lack of movement while the fetus is developing. This condition, called fetal akinesia, can be caused by muscle problems, nerve problems, or problems with the brain or spinal cord. Fetal akinesia can cause joints to become fixed in place. It can also cause extra connective tissue to develop around the joints, which further limits movement.</p> <p>Proper treatment started early in life can improve the condition. Treatment typically involves splinting, bracing, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/">occupational</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/">physical</a> therapy, and orthopedic surgery to help maintain and maximize range of motion and function.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Most forms of arthrogryposis cannot be cured, but with proper treatment and therapy, most kids can significantly improve their range of motion and muscle strength and function. This can enable them to do everyday activities and lead relatively normal lives.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: ClubfootClubfoot is a birth defect that causes one or both of a baby's feet to turn inward and downward, giving the foot or feet a club-like appearance.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-clubfoot.html/fc58331e-0dfe-4598-b95f-8cc164f22e4f
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
CastsThis article for teens has tips on taking care of a cast so it keeps working as it should.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/casts.html/67cfd3da-36ea-4b8a-bc2d-c887e5da6fcc
Going to a Physical TherapistPhysical therapy uses exercises and other special treatments to help people move their bodies. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/physical-therapy.html/1a168d2a-98d8-45e8-b3b5-785fc9f6ecca
Going to an Occupational TherapistOccupational therapy helps children overcome obstacles to be as independent as possible. Learn more about OT.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/occupational-therapist.html/9ecadc70-436b-4573-a947-12df6b333021
Occupational TherapyOccupational therapy can help improve kids' cognitive, physical, and motor skills and build their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/e6873992-af60-4bab-82d9-3bd1fe9ad5a3
Physical TherapyPhysical therapy helps people get back to full strength and movement - and manage pain - in key parts of the body after an illness or injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/d292496f-1bf8-4949-9563-f0436e185c33
When Your Baby Has a Birth DefectIf your child has a birth defect, you don't have to go it alone - many people and resources are available to help you.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/baby-has-birth-defect.html/9c0573a4-68a2-4d7d-a868-26999e332361
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedOrthopedics A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-ortho/9fdd6bbc-254a-4dff-be33-c4c6c66c3f6eAhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/a/891958dd-782d-4b8e-b649-d7c34f646eechttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg