A to Z: Anorexia Nervosaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about anorexia nervosa, a type of eating disorder.Anorexia nervosa, anorexia, bulimia, eating disorders, mental illness, compulsive exercise, low blood pressure, anemia, brittle bones, dieting, low body weight, swollen joints, psychological issues, low self-esteem, eating disorders, disordered eating, too thin, too skinny, not eating enough, underweight, malnourished, starve, starving, starvation, eat enough, not eat enough, triad, bulimia08/09/201303/18/201909/02/2019e5af7954-481b-48cf-9a12-fb2e6aa559cchttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-anorexia.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><strong>May also be called: Anorexia</strong></p> <p>Anorexia nervosa is an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eating-disorders.html/">eating disorder</a> that causes people to obsess over food intake, eat as little as possible, and lose more weight than is considered healthy for someone of their age and weight.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>People with anorexia nervosa have an extreme fear of weight gain and a distorted view of their body size and shape. As a result, they strive to maintain a very low body weight through dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise. The causes of anorexia aren't entirely clear, but a combination of psychological, genetic, social, and family factors are thought to be involved.</p> <p>Many kids and teens with anorexia &mdash; which often develops between the ages of 11 and 13 &mdash; have low <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/self-esteem.html/">self-esteem</a>, and their focus on weight can be an attempt to gain control at a time when their lives feel more out of control.</p> <p>Anorexia causes the body to go into starvation mode, which can lead to serious and potentially life-threatening health problems. Complications include a drop in blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rate; brittle bones and&nbsp;swollen joints; abnormal electrolytes; heart problems; and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">anemia</a>.</p> <p>Treatment focuses on coping with disordered eating behaviors and establishing new patterns of thinking about and approaching food. This can involve medical supervision, nutritional counseling, therapy, and possibly hospitalization if the person with anorexia is severely malnourished.</p> <p><img title="anorexia nervosa treatment illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/anorexia-415x233-rd2-enIL.png" alt="anorexia nervosa treatment illustration" name="4637-ANOREXIA_415X233_RD2_ENIL.PNG" /></p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Dealing with anorexia nervosa can be hard and may require long-term treatment, but many people with the disorder make a full recovery. In general, the earlier the intervention (ideally before <a class="kh_anchor">malnutrition</a> starts), the shorter the treatment required.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Binge Eating DisorderBinge eating is a type of eating disorder. This article for teens explains what it is, how to recognize it, and how to get help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/binge-eating.html/fb5faa9d-1d43-4de7-990d-0a8a821a11fa
Body Dysmorphic DisorderFor teens, concerns about appearances often take center stage. But if these concerns are all-consuming, cause extreme distress, and keep them from doing and thinking about other things, it may be a sign of a condition called body dysmorphic disorder.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bdd.html/3b5b65b1-e6c4-4b4e-a981-217770320b4a
Body Image and Self-EsteemWhen your body changes, so can your image of yourself. Find out how your body image affects your self-esteem and what you can do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/body-image.html/7149667b-50a9-40d9-bee3-57800969b218
Compulsive ExerciseCompulsive exercise can lead to serious health problems. Lots of people don't know when they've crossed the line from healthy activity to unhealthy addiction. Read about ways to tell.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/compulsive-exercise.html/a616539b-6d1d-472f-bd06-b12122dd0fec
Eating DisordersEating disorders are common among teens and kids, especially young women. Read about the warning signs, prevention strategies, and ways to help a child with an eating disorder.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eating-disorders.html/0d56cfd0-b454-4f23-9fa2-0c7fae102171
Encouraging a Healthy Body ImageA healthy and positive body image means liking your body, appreciating it, and feeling grateful for its qualities and capabilities. Parents can help kids develop a healthy body image.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/body-image.html/df88d420-5c9a-4744-8739-3cdb85f1519c
Female Athlete TriadFemale athlete triad is a combination of three conditions: disordered eating, amenorrhea (loss of a girl's period), and osteoporosis (a weakening of the bones).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/triad.html/660b8bc9-8181-412e-a420-cbf191295794
Taking Your Child to a TherapistMany children and teens have problems that affect how they feel, act, or learn. Going to therapy helps them cope better, feel better, and do better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finding-therapist.html/36c31f3c-0467-4e71-8c7e-c6274c9f2c8f