A to Z: Anemiaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about anemia, a common blood disorder that happens when the level of healthy red blood cells in the body becomes too low.anemia, iron-deficiency anemia, sickle cell anemia, hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia, vitamin-deficiency anemia, anemia of chronic disease, hemoglobin, red blood cells, oxygen, bodily organs, nutritional problems, blood disorders, CD1Hematology, CD1Blood Disorders01/11/201303/18/201909/02/2019175c88d0-0db8-4eaa-ba7c-1f94ebc17a40https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-anemia.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">Anemia</a> (uh-NEE-mee-uh) is a common blood disorder that happens when the level of healthy red <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood.html/">blood</a> cells (RBCs) in the body becomes too low.</p> <p><img title="illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/hemoGlobinA-enIL.png" alt="hemoglobin illustration" name="4875-HEMOGLOBIN_A_ENIL" /></p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a protein that transports oxygen throughout the body. If the body's tissues don't get enough oxygen, it can cause a variety of complications, including fatigue and stress on organs. Many things can lead to low levels of RBCs, but the three main causes are:</p> <ol> <li>the body destroying RBCs too quickly</li> <li>the body not producing enough RBCs</li> <li>blood loss</li> </ol> <p>Anemia can be temporary or can last for a long time. There are&nbsp;many different types of anemia, with different causes and different treatments. Inherited disorders, nutritional problems (such as a vitamin or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ida.html/">iron&nbsp;deficiency</a>), infections, some kinds of cancer, or exposure to a drug or toxin all can lead to anemia.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Treatment for anemia depends on what's causing the low&nbsp;level of RBCs. In many cases, this means something as simple as eating foods rich in iron or taking vitamin supplements. Other cases will require more involved treatments. Kids often tolerate anemia much better than adults.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common type of childhood cancer. Because it develops and gets worse quickly, prompt treatment is very important. With treatment, most kids are cured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/all.html/70e490be-1dce-4795-821e-c0ba28838828
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) happens when the body makes too many immature white blood cells. Among kids with leukemia, 20% have this type. With treatment, most recover.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aml.html/7f9a5d82-cefc-4e34-8942-a11c3d0397f9
AnemiaAnemia is common in teens because they undergo rapid growth spurts, when the body needs more nutrients like iron. Learn about anemia and how it's treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/anemia.html/d59f63cc-1045-4151-87c3-750eb2f414d4
Beta ThalassemiaBeta thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body has a problem producing beta globin, a component of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/beta-thalassemia.html/92b6c08b-14ad-4b67-bc47-c1acd388d19c
Blood Test: Ferritin (Iron)Doctors may order a ferritin test when they suspect kids have too little or too much iron in their bodies.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-ferritin.html/8a749966-acaf-40af-8e4f-2e43cf958214
Blood Test: HemoglobinHemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells. A hemoglobin test can be done as part of a routine checkup to screen for problems and or because a child isn't feeling well. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood-test-hemoglobin.html/d1e09555-be24-4d30-9163-49a54cb14dff
Cancer CenterFrom treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/cancer-center.html/92fcdf56-6935-42ac-a953-9eaf5f96fe2f
Iron-Deficiency AnemiaIron helps the body carry oxygen in the blood and plays a key role in brain and muscle function. Too little iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ida.html/b81f3bad-4d4d-4db1-8c26-45affb53c115
What's Anemia?What does it mean when a kid has anemia? Learn about anemia, why kids get it, and how it's treated in our article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/anemia.html/9888df72-edc2-4c11-8660-bb2c4b682960
Word! AnemiaPeople who have anemia have fewer red blood cells than normal, which can make them feel tired because not enough oxygen is getting to their bodies' cells.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-anemia.html/97f395b2-5111-41ac-9447-c2d2e603fa35