A to Z: Adrenal Insufficiencyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgAdrenal insufficiency is a condition that happens when the adrenal glands do not work properly.adrenal, gland, glands, kidney, kidneys, hormone, primary adrenal, central adrenal, cortisol, aldosterone08/09/201303/18/201909/02/2019cfffba9d-7e96-4b0e-b2cf-cf42510e660bhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-adrenal.html/<h1><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></h1> <p>Adrenal insufficiency is a condition that happens when the adrenal <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/endocrine.html/">glands</a> do not work properly. These glands, located above the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidneys-urinary.html/">kidneys</a>, make important hormones that help the body handle <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stress.html/">stress</a>, control blood pressure, and balance salt levels.</p> <p><img title="adrenal glands illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/adrenals-415x233-rd5-enIL.png" alt="adrenal glands illustration" name="3199-ADRENALS_415X233_RD5_ENIL.PNG" /></p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>There are two types of adrenal insufficiency &mdash; primary and central:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li>In primary adrenal insufficiency, the adrenal glands either become damaged or have a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genetic</a> problem that prevents them from working properly. They cannot make enough of the hormone cortisol. Sometimes, they also do not produce enough of a hormone called aldosterone that is needed to control salt balance in the body.</li> <li>In central adrenal insufficiency, the pituitary, a small gland beneath the brain, does not make enough of the hormone that triggers cortisol production. This is caused by diseases or problems with the brain or pituitary gland.</li> </ol> <p>A temporary type of adrenal insufficiency also can occur in people who have been treated with high doses of cortisol-like medications (such as prednisone) when the medicine is decreased or stopped.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Symptoms of untreated adrenal insufficiency can include fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, low blood pressure, low blood sugar, and darkening of skin color. However, some people with adrenal insufficiency will have no symptoms unless they're exposed to stress.</p> <p>Sometimes, symptoms can suddenly become much worse, usually when someone is stressed by illness or injury. This is called an adrenal crisis and requires immediate medical treatment, which usually includes&nbsp;additional hormone treatment and fluids given through a vein.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Blood Test: Dehydroepiandrosterone-Sulfate (DHEA-S)Doctors may order a DHEA-S test if boys or girls show signs of sexual development earlier than expected. It can rule out certain diseases of the testes or ovaries, or help diagnose damage or disease of the pituitary gland.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-dheas.html/56ce57e1-cb9e-4a84-be95-6ec13f20b8bc
Blood Test: EstradiolEstradiol is the most important form of the hormone estrogen. Doctors may order an estradiol test if a girl appears to be entering puberty earlier or later than expected, or to evaluate menstrual problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood-test-estradiol.html/3ef3d518-8bd4-41ee-9548-91c623bfb2f0
Endocrine SystemThe endocrine system influences almost every cell, organ, and function of our bodies. It is instrumental in regulating mood, growth and development, metabolism, and sexual function, among other things.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/endocrine.html/7572f55a-2090-4b77-b6d1-74740e26934d
What Are Glands?You've heard of glands, but what are they? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/glands.html/18e35f17-fa0b-4977-b705-dff0c7e529c7
Your Endocrine SystemThe endocrine system produces hormones, which are needed for proper body function and growth. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/endocrine.html/e74a807b-43a3-42cf-971a-fcb15443e5e5