Asthma enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Asthma_enHD_1.jpgAsthma makes it hard to breathe. But with treatment, the condition can be managed so that kids can still do the things they love. Learn all about asthma. nebulizers, asthmas, triggers, flares, flare-ups, individual asthma management plan, medication, allergens, dust mites, animal dander, animal urine, pollens, grasses, molds, foods, viral infections, irritants, influenza, smoke, air fresheners, aerosols, paint fumes, hairspray, perfumes, exercise, cold air, weather changes, environmental control measures, airways, bronchial tubes, breathing tests, spirometer, peak flow meters, early warning signs, coughing, wheezing, attacks, strategies, vacuuming, mattresses, humidification, ventilation, pets, pollen counts, bronchoconstriction, allergy, allergies, immunology, pulmonology, pulmonary, respiratory, asthma in children, childhood asthma, kid's asthma, asthma in kids, CD1Asthma, CD1Pulmonology, CD1Allergy, CD1Asthma, CD1Pulmonology, CD1Allergy & Immunology03/22/200002/18/201902/18/2019Okan Elidemir, MD02/14/201993904ebb-464e-4afd-9e00-2509c3cef428https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-basics.html/<h3>What Is Asthma?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma.html/">Asthma</a> is a condition that causes breathing problems. Kids may cough, wheeze, or be short of breath. This happens because airways in the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/">lungs</a> get swollen, smaller, and filled with mucus.</p> <p>Asthma is common in kids and teens, and tends to run in families. It can be mild or so severe that it gets in the way of daily activities.</p> <p>With <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rescue-controller.html/">medicine</a> and the right care plan, asthma symptoms can be managed so that kids and teens can do just about anything they want to do.</p> <h3>What Causes Asthma?</h3> <p>No one knows exactly why some people develop asthma. Experts think it might be a combination of environmental factors and genes.</p> <p>People with asthma may have a parent or other close relative with asthma. Those who are overweight may be more likely to have it.</p> <h4>How Asthma Affects Breathing</h4> <p>In asthma, air doesn't move through the lungs the way it should.</p> <p>Normally, when someone breathes in, air goes in through the nose or mouth, down the windpipe (trachea), and into the airways (bronchioles) of the lungs. When people breathe out, air exits the body in the opposite direction.</p> <p>With asthma, air has a harder time passing through. Airways swell and fill with mucus. The muscles around the airways tighten, making airways narrower. Things that can irritate the airways are called "triggers." Common triggers include cigarette smoke, allergies, and exercise.</p> <p>Triggers can lead to asthma flare-ups or "attacks."</p> <h3>What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Asthma?</h3> <h4>Asthma Flare-Ups</h4> <p><strong><a class="kh_anchor">Flare-ups</a></strong> are when asthma symptoms get worse. They happen when airways get more irritated and inflamed (swollen) than usual.</p> <p><img class="left" title="Asthma Illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/Asthma-RD7-enIL.gif" alt="Asthma Illustration" /></p> <p>During a flare-up, kids might have:</p> <ul> <li>trouble breathing</li> <li>a tight chest</li> <li>a whistling sound while breathing (wheezing)</li> <li>a cough</li> <li>a fast heartbeat</li> </ul> <p>Some flare-ups are serious, but others are mild. Flare-ups can happen suddenly or build up over time, especially if kids don't take their asthma medicines as directed.</p> <p>Things that bring on a flare-up are called <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-triggers.html/">triggers</a></strong>. Triggers vary from person to person, but common ones include:</p> <ul> <li>allergies to things like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pollen.html/">pollen</a>, mold, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-pet.html/">pet dander</a></li> <li>irritants and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ozone-asthma.html/">pollutants</a> in the air</li> <li>respiratory infections, like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cold.html/">colds</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/flu.html/">flu</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/weather-asthma.html/">weather conditions</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/exercise-asthma.html/">exercise</a> (some kids only have asthma symptoms during or after exercise)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gerd-reflux.html/">gastroesophageal reflux</a></li> </ul> <p>An important part of managing asthma is avoiding triggers. Your child's doctor will work with you to create a care plan that helps prevent flare-ups as much as possible.</p> <h3>How Is Asthma Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose asthma, doctors will ask questions about a child's health, problems with breathing, and family medical history. They'll also ask about any allergies, illnesses, and exposure to things that may make breathing worse.</p> <p>Kids will have a physical exam and may have a lung function test. This usually involves testing breathing with a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spirometer.html/">spirometer</a>, a machine that analyzes airflow through the airways.</p> <h3>How Is Asthma Treated?</h3> <p>There's no cure for asthma, but it can be managed to prevent flare-ups. Asthma treatment involves two important things: avoiding triggers and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rescue-controller.html/">taking medicine</a>.</p> <h4>Avoiding Triggers</h4> <p>There are many ways to avoid triggers. After your child's triggers are identified, the doctor will work with you to come up with a plan to avoid them.</p> <p>For example, if pet dander or mold in your home trigger your child's asthma symptoms, you can make your home <a class="kh_anchor">asthma-safe</a> by changing the linens often, vacuuming regularly, and keeping the family pet out of your child's bedroom. If outdoor allergies (like pollen) are a problem, your child should avoid the outdoors on days when pollen counts are high.</p> <p>If exercise is a trigger, the doctor may prescribe a medicine for your child to take before physical activity to prevent airways from tightening up. Doctors help people with exercise-induced asthma manage physical activity, not avoid it. Exercise can help people stay healthier overall (in fact, many pro athletes have asthma!).</p> <p>Getting a yearly <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/flu-vaccine.html/">flu shot</a> is also important, as illnesses like the flu can trigger asthma flare-ups.</p> <h4>Asthma Medicines</h4> <p>Most asthma medicines are breathed directly into the lungs (inhaled), but some are pills or liquids. There are two types of asthma medicines:</p> <p><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rescue.html/">Quick-relief medicines</a></strong> act fast to open up tight airways. They can be used as needed during a flare-up. Quick-relief medicines act fast, but their effect doesn't last long. These kinds of medicines are also called "fast-acting" or "rescue" medicines.</p> <p><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/controller.html/">Long-term control medicines</a></strong> manage asthma by preventing symptoms from happening. They reduce inflammation in the airways, which is the cause of the swelling and mucus. (Quick-relief medicines only treat the symptoms caused by the inflammation.) Long-term control medicines &mdash; also called "controller" or "maintenance" medicines &mdash; must be taken every day, even when kids feel well.</p> <p>Some kids with asthma only need quick-relief medicine; others need both kinds of medicine to keep their asthma in check.</p> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>Asthma care can seem overwhelming, especially at first. But many tools are available to help you care for your child.</p> <p>An <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/action-plan-sheet.html/">asthma action plan</a> is a care plan that you'll develop with the doctor. The plan gives detailed instructions on how to manage asthma, including:</p> <ul> <li>what medicines your child needs and when</li> <li>what your child's triggers are and how to avoid them</li> <li>how to manage a flare-up</li> <li>when to get <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/er-asthma.html/">emergency medical care</a></li> </ul> <p>Following the plan&nbsp;can help your child do normal everyday activities without having asthma symptoms.</p> <p>Keeping an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-diary.html/">asthma diary</a> is another way to help manage asthma. Tracking your child's symptoms and medicines will help you know when your child is more likely to have a flare-up.</p> <p>A <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/peak-flow.html/">peak-flow meter</a> can help too. This handheld tool measures breathing ability. When peak flow readings drop, it's a sign of narrowing airways.</p> <p>By using these tools, giving medicines as prescribed, and avoiding triggers, you'll help keep your child healthy and breathing well.</p>AsmaEl asma es una afección que causa problemas para respirar. Los niños pueden toser, tener resuello, emitir "pitos" al respirar o faltarles el aliento. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/asthma-basics-esp.html/33800d81-6065-4f3f-a582-84451dba9dff
AllergiesYour eyes itch, your nose is running, you're sneezing, and you're covered in hives. The enemy known as allergies has struck again.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/allergies.html/713fb4e6-f5fa-49aa-b73a-c1488066a909
Allergy ShotsMany kids battle allergies year-round, and some can't control their symptoms with medications. For them, allergy shots (or allergen immunotherapy) can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/shots.html/560272a7-d80b-4017-979d-4a41bb4023ea
AsthmaAsthma is a lung condition that makes it hard to breathe. Learn all about asthma here. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asthma.html/fdec47a5-6cd6-4e9d-bd40-d8f4a3e7dc08
Asthma Action PlanUse this printable sheet to help manage your asthma.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/action-plan-sheet.html/867ab324-fbf9-46e2-ad87-dbc9a0d0faf1
Asthma CenterAsthma keeps more kids home from school than any other chronic illness. Learn how to help your child manage the condition, stay healthy, and stay in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/asthma-center.html/cfa843fc-8e5e-43c8-a576-466a9b27e9c1
Asthma TriggersTriggers — things in the air, weather conditions, or activities — can cause asthma flare-ups. By knowing and avoiding triggers, you'll help lessen your child's asthma symptoms.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-triggers.html/9a1476d0-ef6a-4163-84cb-6ae622d1b98b
Asthma-Safe HomesHere's steps to remove or minimize triggers at home that cause asthma flare-ups.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asthma-homes.html/b3a43bd7-a584-4f82-bd4d-105c72f56e4b
Dealing With Asthma TriggersIf you have asthma, certain things may cause you to cough and have trouble breathing. Find out more about asthma triggers in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/asthma-triggers.html/e6cb1f48-bf9a-4ba5-9a87-a91fdc1efc7b
Dealing With an Asthma Flare-UpAsthma flare-ups, or attacks, can be handled, but it's even better if you can prevent them from happening. Find out how to deal with flare-ups.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asthma-flare-up.html/2e8420d7-f9f8-49da-ae1b-7e4a0250bc21
Do Allergies Cause Asthma?Kids who have allergies also might have a breathing problem called asthma. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/allergies-asthma.html/407da670-48a4-445f-833a-07c408cc214c
First Aid: Asthma Flare-UpsDuring a flare-up or attack, it's hard to breathe. While some flare-ups are mild, others can be life threatening, so it's important to deal with them right away.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-flare-sheet.html/512da67f-1e8f-4038-95d0-03beffb9ad64
Handling an Asthma Flare-UpHow can you prepare for an asthma flare-up? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/asthma-flare-up.html/299f548c-fa21-4edd-8681-ede63bc903f8
How Can I Deal With My Asthma?Asthma is more common these days than it used to be. The good news is it's also a lot easier to manage and control.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asthma-mgmt.html/79651480-4a69-4ed6-b096-969ddf016040
How Do Asthma Medicines Work?Kids who have asthma need to take medicine. But what kind of medicine do they take and what does it do? Let's find out.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/asthma-medicines.html/310702af-b801-44ef-955f-c318ec618a71
Managing AsthmaAsthma control can take a little time and energy to master, but it's worth the effort. Learn more about ways to manage your child's asthma.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-mgmt.html/16fdd0ed-abfc-4f6e-9ecd-df6bbde41d3b
School and AsthmaLots of teens have asthma. Here are tips on keeping it under control so you can prevent (or manage) a flare-up at school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/school-asthma.html/919224e7-b8ae-473c-9a55-95ffacaf91a1
When to Go to the ER if Your Child Has AsthmaIf your child has asthma, find out when you need to go to the ER.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/er-asthma.html/36d00458-c85c-480b-8cb8-99a70ef6c47b
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-allergykh:clinicalDesignation-pulmonologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-pulmonologyLungs & Respiratory Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/lungs/804af3e6-468e-4721-b805-eb88e113b3c3Asthmahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/asthma/38b75bab-a2d3-45f2-ab08-3ea24d139eb0Asthma Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-center/asthma-basics/65fc67f0-4e75-482e-a22e-e8daae2d417ehttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/Asthma-RD7-enIL.gif