Arthrogryposisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Arthrogryposis_enHD_2.jpgChildren with arthrogryposis have stiff joints that don't move well. Treatments like splinting, bracing, therapy, and surgery help kids get the best range of motion. arthrogryposis, joints, stiff joints, contractures, clubfoot, splints, splinting, braces, bracing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and orthopedic surgery, loss of motion, range of motion, akinesia, amyoplasia, 02/15/201709/07/201809/02/2019Jennifer M. Ty, MD09/03/20182439749f-8fb5-48a2-850e-b0d4d3c802fchttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/arthrogryposis.html/<h3>What Is Arthrogryposis?</h3> <p>Arthrogryposis (ar-throw-grih-POE-sis) is when children have stiffness and loss of motion in more than one joint. Babies are born with arthrogryposis, and it is usually permanent. But medical experts can help kids get the best range of motion their stiff joints will allow.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Arthrogryposis?</h3> <p>The joint stiffness that happens with arthrogryposis is called <strong>contracture</strong> (kun-TRAK-cher). It means the joint can't move the way it should. Joints may stay straight and not bend, or they may stay bent and a child can't straighten them.</p> <p>Some contractures are mild. Others can be severe. Children may have:</p> <ul> <li>trouble moving</li> <li>poor growth</li> <li>weak muscles</li> <li>very thin or bony-looking arms and legs</li> </ul> <p>Some children have problems in most of their joints. They may have stiff shoulders, elbows, hands, hips, knees, and feet. Some kids have only a few stiff joints.</p> <p>When a child has contracture in just one joint (such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/clubfoot.html/">clubfoot</a>), it's not usually arthrogryposis.</p> <h3>What Causes Arthrogryposis?</h3> <p>Experts don't always know why children have arthrogryposis. It could be something that stops the muscles and joints from developing as they should. Sometimes it's because of another condition, like a disease of the nerves or muscles. Or it might happen because a fetus doesn't move much during pregnancy. This can affect the way the baby's muscles and nerves develop.</p> <p>With some babies, there's a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genetic</a> reason for arthrogryposis. If doctors tell you that your child's condition is genetic, ask if your family should see a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetic-counseling.html/">genetic counselor</a>.</p> <h3>How Is Arthrogryposis Diagnosed?</h3> <p>When a baby is born with more than one contracture, doctors will check the baby's nerves and muscles. They may order blood tests or imaging tests like X-rays.</p> <p>Doctors sometimes know that a baby has arthrogryposis before birth. That's because it can show up on a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/prenatal-ultrasound.html/">prenatal ultrasound</a>.</p> <p>Most of the time, doctors can diagnose the problem and plan treatment based on a physical exam and routine tests. Doctors may also need to do tests like these:</p> <ul> <li>nerve conduction studies (NCS) and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emg.html/">electromyography (EMG)</a></li> <li>muscle or nerve <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/biopsy.html/">biopsy</a></li> </ul> <h3>How Is Arthrogryposis Treated?</h3> <p>Doctors and other medical experts work together as a team to treat arthrogryposis. To help kids get the best range of motion from stiff, tight joints, treatment might include:</p> <ul> <li>bracing and orthotics for joint support</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/splints.html/">splints</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/casts.html/">casts</a> to improve joint position and motion</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/">physical therapy</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/">occupational therapy</a></li> <li>at-home exercises and stretching to increase strength and flexibility</li> <li>surgery to reposition bones or move tendons (the cords that connect muscles to the bones)</li> </ul> <h3>What Can I Expect?</h3> <p>Therapy helps kids do the most they can as they grow. Your care team will give you exercises to do with your child at home. It takes time for a child's abilities to improve. Be patient and offer your support to older kids. Parents play a big part in the treatment of arthrogryposis.</p> <p>Many kids can do things on their own and grow up to be independent. Others need more help. Even when arthrogryposis limits physical abilities, kids usually can think and learn just as well as other kids do.</p> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Focus on the things your child can do.</li> <li>Encourage your child to try new things.</li> <li>Help your child be as active as possible.</li> <li>Give your child plenty of ways to learn and use all his or her abilities.</li> </ul>ArtrogriposisLa artrogriposis es cuando los niños tienen rigidez y pérdida de la movilidad en más de una articulación. Hay bebés que nacen con artrogriposis, y esta afección suele ser permanente. Pero los expertos en medicina pueden ayudar a que los niños tengan la mayor amplitud de movimientos que permita su rigidez articular.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/arthrogryposis-esp.html/b4f106ef-3d44-4517-b726-1569f5fdf90f
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
ClubfootClubfoot is a birth defect that makes one or both of a baby's feet point down and turn in. Most clubfeet can be successfully corrected using the nonsurgical Ponseti method.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/clubfoot.html/a07ccb09-d0c2-4a00-abf7-6931ad897b22
Occupational TherapyOccupational therapy can help improve kids' cognitive, physical, and motor skills and build their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/e6873992-af60-4bab-82d9-3bd1fe9ad5a3
Physical TherapyPhysical therapy helps people get back to full strength and movement - and manage pain - in key parts of the body after an illness or injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/d292496f-1bf8-4949-9563-f0436e185c33
Prenatal Genetic CounselingGenetic counselors work with people who are either planning to have a baby or are pregnant to determine whether they carry the genes for certain inherited disorders. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetic-counseling.html/ce3b2896-0a32-4c87-aa11-b2a7da9d790b
SplintsA splint is a support device that keeps an injured area from moving. Doctors often use splints to hold bones and joints in place so they can heal after a break.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/splints.html/fe8690a4-f298-4e28-bffa-19b4416dcf10
The Ponseti Clubfoot Brace: Tips for Parents Correcting your child’s clubfoot begins with a series of casts and ends with a brace. Here's how to help your child wear it successfully.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ponseti-brace-tips.html/d083df89-19ca-442a-b800-c4b742445027
Word! Occupational TherapyDo you know what your occupation is?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-occupational-therapy.html/a5a9ad58-cf2d-4914-9f5e-bda71dcee940
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97