Obstructive Sleep Apneaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-apnea-enHD-AR1.jpgBrief pauses in breathing during sleep can be normal. But when breathing stops often or for longer periods, it can be a cause for concern.apnea, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, sleep apnea, sleep apneas, apneas, obstructive apnea, central apnea, mixed apnea, sleep disorders, sleeping, sleep disorder, snoring, snore, snores, my child snores, sleep problems, bedwetting, ADD, ADHD, falls asleep during the day, always sleepy, always tired, always drowsy, gasps for air, gasping for air, attention problems, hyperactivity, problems in school, problems sleeping, restless sleep, sleeping in unusual positions, tossing and turning, tosses and turns, waking up in the middle of the night, sleep clinics, parasomnia, parasomnias, enlarged tonsils, enlarged adenoids, cpap, continuous positive airway pressure, sleep monitors, difficulty breathing, sleep cycles, rem, stages of sleep, apnea of infancy, nose mask, apparent life-threatening event, apparent life-threatening events, alte, altes, apnea of prematurity, aop, aops, apnea of infancy, aoi, aois, CD1Pulmonology, CD1Sleep Medicine, CD1Sleep Apne! a, CD1Otolaryngology, CD1Tonsillectomy, CD1Neonatology, CD1Pulmonology, CD1Sleep Medicine, CD1Sleep Apnea, CD1Otolaryngology, CD1Tonsillectomy, CD1Neonatology, CD1Apnea03/22/200010/15/201809/02/2019Jodi E. Gustave, MD10/01/2018ec09b3ef-1913-4a9d-8f0a-ba3a4af6d5a9https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/apnea.html/<h3>What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?</h3> <p>Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing during sleep. It usually happens because something obstructs, or blocks, the upper airway. This is called obstructive sleep apnea (AP-nee-uh).</p> <p>Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can make the body's oxygen levels fall and interrupt sleep. This can make kids miss out on healthy, restful <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep.html/">sleep</a>. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea can lead to learning, behavior, growth, and heart problems.</p> <h3>What Causes Obstructive Sleep Apnea?</h3> <p>When we sleep, our <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">muscles</a> relax. This includes the muscles in the back of the throat that help keep the airway open. In obstructive sleep apnea, these muscles can relax too much and collapse the airway, making it hard to breathe.</p> <p>This is especially true if someone has enlarged tonsils or adenoids (germ-fighting tissues at the back of the nasal cavity), which can block the airway during sleep.</p> <p>Other things that can make a child likely to have it include:</p> <ul> <li>a family history of OSA</li> <li>being <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/">overweight</a></li> <li>medical conditions such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/down-syndrome.html/">Down syndrome</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cerebral-palsy.html/">cerebral palsy</a></li> <li>problems of the mouth, jaw, or throat that narrow the airway</li> <li>a large tongue, which can fall back and block the airway during sleep</li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea?</h3> <p>When breathing stops, oxygen levels in the body drop and carbon dioxide levels rise. This usually triggers the brain to wake us up to breathe. Most of the time, this happens quickly and we go right back to sleep without knowing we woke up.</p> <p>This pattern can repeat itself all night in obstructive sleep apnea. So people who have it don't reach a deeper, more restful level of sleep.</p> <p>Signs of obstructive sleep apnea in kids include:</p> <ul> <li>snoring, often with pauses, snorts, or gasps</li> <li>heavy breathing while sleeping</li> <li>very restless sleep and sleeping in unusual positions</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/enuresis.html/">bedwetting</a> (especially if a child had stayed dry at night)</li> <li>daytime sleepiness or behavior problems</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleepwalking.html/">sleepwalking</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/terrors.html/">night terrors</a></li> </ul> <p>Because it's hard for them to get a good night's sleep, kids might:</p> <ul> <li>have a hard time waking up in the morning</li> <li>be tired or fall asleep during the day</li> <li>have trouble paying attention or be hyperactive</li> </ul> <p>As a result, obstructive sleep apnea can hurt school performance. Teachers and others may think a child has <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd.html/">ADHD</a> or learning problems.</p> <h3>How Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Talk to your doctor if your child:</p> <ul> <li>snores regularly</li> <li>is a restless sleeper</li> <li>falls asleep during the day</li> <li>has other signs of sleep apnea</li> </ul> <p>Your doctor might refer you to a sleep specialist or recommend a sleep study.</p> <p>A <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep-study.html/">sleep study</a> (also called a <strong>polysomnogram</strong>) can help doctors diagnose sleep apnea and other sleep disorders. Sleep studies are painless and risk-free, but kids usually need to spend the night in a hospital or sleep center.</p> <p>During a sleep study, doctors check:</p> <ul> <li>eye movements</li> <li>heart rate</li> <li>breathing patterns</li> <li>brain waves</li> <li>blood oxygen levels</li> <li>carbon dioxide levels</li> <li>snoring and other noises</li> <li>body movements and sleep positions</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treated?</h3> <p>When obstructive sleep apnea is mild, doctors might check a child's sleep for a while to see if symptoms improve before deciding on treatment.</p> <p>When big tonsils cause sleep apnea, doctors will refer families to an ear, nose, and throat doctor (ENT). The ENT might recommend:</p> <ul> <li>removing the tonsils (a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsil.html/">tonsillectomy</a>)</li> <li>removing large adenoids (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adenoids.html/">adenotonsillectomy</a>)</li> </ul> <p>These surgeries often are effective treatments for obstructive sleep apnea.</p> <p>For other causes, a doctor may recommend <strong>continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy</strong>. In CPAP therapy, a person wears a mask during sleep. The mask may cover the nose only or the nose and mouth. It's connected to a machine that pumps air to open the airways.</p> <p>When excess weight causes obstructive sleep apnea, it's important to work with a doctor on diet changes, exercise, and other safe weight-loss methods.</p>
A to Z: Hypertrophy, Tonsillar (Enlarged Tonsils)Tonsillar hypertrophy, or enlarged tonsils, can happen due to an ongoing (chronic) condition or a temporary effect of an infection.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-hyper-tonsillar.html/472075a3-aba7-4902-9266-dddd9cb932fa
Adenoids and AdenoidectomiesJust what are adenoids? And why do kids sometimes have to get their adenoids removed? Get the answers here.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/adenoids.html/9a3b394f-ae50-49df-a780-7633f5a69b15
Adenoids and AdenoidectomyOften, tonsils and adenoids are surgically removed at the same time. So, what are adenoids exactly?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/adenoids.html/9a0e2a68-7eee-4060-a48a-32c77f93db2f
All About SleepGetting enough sleep can be a problem for children of any age. Read this article to learn tips on bedtime schedules and routines for your child.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep.html/9f78a892-c63e-4501-a609-e6ddbdc0ecd0
Apnea of PrematurityApnea of prematurity (AOP) is a condition in which premature infants stop breathing for 15 to 20 seconds during sleep. AOP usually goes away on its own as a baby matures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aop.html/503fca85-080c-451d-87d9-478d9f24cebb
Common Sleep ProblemsSleep problems can keep some teens awake at night even when they want to sleep. If that sounds like you, find out what you can do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sleep.html/d391953b-6913-48cb-a681-738683842cfb
Having Your Tonsils Taken OutSometimes tonsils need to be removed, but how is it done? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/tonsils-out.html/fbcf25d4-1b7a-4de4-ad6f-68a911fc2aaf
Overweight and ObesityPreventing kids from becoming overweight means making choices in the way your family eats and exercises, and how you spend time together.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/3984b1ff-ca0a-46aa-889c-9bb1fb8b4884
Sleep Problems in TeensDoes your teen have trouble falling asleep at night? Is he or she sleepy during the day? Find out if it's just a normal part of adolescence, or if something else is to blame.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep-problems.html/10882f00-0fdb-4cbf-96bf-10500571547a
Sleep Study (Polysomnogram)A sleep study (or polysomnogram) helps doctors diagnose sleep problems. It is an overnight test that can record a variety of body functions while a child sleeps.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep-study.html/8a286671-b2e2-4106-bfe5-4c4183966816
Sleep and Your NewbornNewborn babies don’t yet have a sense of day and night. They wake often to eat – no matter what time it is.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleepnewborn.html/4f31c9a3-e06c-4c79-9823-95b98e46ec43
SleepwalkingAlthough it can be unnerving to see, sleepwalking is actually very common in kids. Here's how to keep your young sleepwalker safe.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleepwalking.html/0aecb5a0-4178-4baa-a142-4f37289d658b
SnoringAre you a kid who snores? Find out why some people are such noisy sleepers in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/snoring.html/5d8ff3ce-18f8-4f22-9a88-4caa6b613c60
TonsillectomyA tonsillectomy is surgery to remove the tonsils. It's one of the most common surgeries kids and teens get. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsil.html/60fb67a5-1acd-49af-859d-7a37c9f09bb2
Weight Loss SurgeryWeight loss surgery works. But it's serious stuff, both physically and emotionally. Find out about two weight loss surgery options for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bariatric.html/7fc66358-9504-4d6c-ab2a-92560014bdb7
What Sleep Is and Why All Kids Need ItWhen you get a good night's sleep, it's like giving your body a tiny vacation. Find out the scoop on sleep in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/not-tired.html/3fcb310e-754e-45d4-b934-5c1a515e82b1
When Being Overweight Is a Health ProblemA couple of pounds of extra body fat are not a health risk for most people. But when people are severely overweight, it can cause health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity.html/86e35f4d-c4b7-42bf-84a0-f23b54b1965a
X-Ray Exam: NeckA neck X-ray can help diagnose many conditions, including stridor, croup, hoarseness due to swelling in or near the airways, and problems with tonsils and adenoids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-neck.html/01f914a9-6581-4dfc-8d7f-d255faec27d0
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-neonatologykh:clinicalDesignation-pulmonologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-pulmonologySleep Disordershttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/sleep/0e02385d-0fe5-40fa-918d-0b703ec216d4Your Kid's Sleephttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/general/sleep/a306f9d0-822d-4449-b5e5-a91eb2547978