Anemiaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-anemia-enHD-AR1.jpgAnemia happens when there aren't enough healthy red blood cells in the body. It can be caused by many things, including dietary problems, medical treatments, and inherited conditions.sickle cell anemia, hemoglobin, blood loss, bleeding disorders, blood disorders, oxygen, red blood cells, iron deficiency anemia, anemia, anemic, breast milk, cow's milk, menstruation, menstrual problems, periods, clotting, pernicious anemia, hemolytic anemia, thalassemia, fanconi anemia, diamond-blackfan anemia, cancers, antibiotics, diets, iron-fortified foods, medications, fatigue, pale skin, sleepy, complete blood count, cbc, jaundice, fever, swelling, infections, aplastic anemia, transfusions, splenectomy, corticosteroids, prednisone, immune systems, bone marrow transplantions, dehydration, general pediatrics, hematology, CD1Sickle Cell, CD1Hematology, CD1Leukemia04/26/200009/12/201909/12/2019Robin E. Miller, MD06/03/2019cadf550b-1db2-4772-9883-15e286b4dd16https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/<h3>What Is Anemia?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">Anemia</a> is when the number of red <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood.html/">blood cells</a> in the body gets too low. Red blood cells carry hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow-bin), a protein that carries oxygen throughout the body. Without enough of them, oxygen doesn't get to the body's organs. Without enough oxygen, the organs can't work normally.</p> <p>There are many different kinds of anemia, so treatments vary.</p> <h3>What Are the Different Kinds of Anemia?</h3> <p>The types of anemia are based on what causes them. They include:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Anemias from when red blood cells get broken down too fast</strong>, called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia-hemolytic.html/">hemolytic anemias</a>. They include: <ul> <li>autoimmune hemolytic anemia: when the body's immune system destroys its own red blood cells</li> <li>inherited hemolytic anemias: these include <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sickle-cell-anemia.html/">sickle cell disease</a>, thalassemia, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/g6pd.html/">G6PD deficiency</a>, and hereditary spherocytosis</li> </ul> </li> <li><strong>Anemia from bleeding.</strong> This can happen due to bleeding from an injury, heavy menstrual <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-menstruation.html/">periods</a>, the gastrointestinal tract, or another medical problem.</li> <li><strong>Anemia from red blood cells being made too slowly</strong>, such as: <ul> <li>aplastic anemia: when the body stops making red blood cells from an infection, illness, or other cause</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ida.html/">iron-deficiency anemia</a>: when someone doesn't have enough iron in their diet</li> <li>anemia B12 deficiency: when someone doesn't get enough B12 in the diet or the body can't absorb the B12</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <p><img class="center_this" title="" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/hemoglobin_a_enIL.jpg" alt="Diagram showing a blood vessel with healthy red blood cells (RBCs) and the oxygen and hemoglobin inside each RBC, as described in the article. " /></p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Anemia?</h3> <p>Some children with anemia don't have any symptoms. A child who does have symptoms might:</p> <ul> <li>look pale</li> <li>seem moody</li> <li>be very tired</li> <li>feel dizzy or lightheaded</li> <li>have a fast heartbeat</li> <li>have jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), an enlarged spleen, and dark tea-colored pee (in hemolytic anemias)</li> </ul> <p>Young children with iron-deficiency anemia also might have developmental delays and behavioral problems.</p> <h3>How Is Anemia Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Doctors usually can diagnose anemia by:</p> <ul> <li>asking questions about symptoms</li> <li>asking about diet</li> <li>asking if any family members have anemia</li> <li>doing a physical exam</li> <li>doing blood tests to: <ul> <li>look at the red blood cells with a microscope to check their size and shape</li> <li>check the amount of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood-test-hemoglobin.html/">hemoglobin</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-ferritin.html/">iron</a> in the blood</li> <li>check how fast new RBCs are being made</li> <li>check for any inherited anemias</li> <li>check other cells made in the bone marrow (such as white blood cells)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <p>Sometimes doctors do tests on the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aspiration.html/">bone marrow</a>. The bone marrow is the spongy part inside the bone where blood cells are made. For this test, the doctor puts a needle into the bone to take a small bone marrow sample. The sample is sent to the lab for special tests.</p> <h3>How Is Anemia Treated?</h3> <p>Treatment for anemia depends on the cause. Kids and teens with anemia might need:</p> <ul> <li>medicines</li> <li>changes in their diet</li> <li>treatment of another underlying disease</li> <li>to see doctors (hematologists) who specialize in anemia and other blood problems</li> </ul> <h3>How Can Parents Help?</h3> <p>Most kinds of anemia are treatable. It may take a while for symptoms to go away, so your child should take it easy while recovering.</p> <p>Help your child get the best care by:</p> <ul> <li>going to all doctor's appointments</li> <li>following the doctor's recommendations</li> </ul>AnemiaLa anemia ocurre cuando la cantidad de glóbulos rojos en el cuerpo de una persona es demasiado baja. Hay muchos tipos diferentes de anemia, y sus tratamientos varían en función del tipo. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/anemia-esp-1.html/5efeb89e-418a-4478-8f06-99cd7b4e1d67
Alpha ThalassemiaAlpha thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body has a problem producing alpha globin, a component of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thalassemias.html/3f585363-6910-4555-8974-0ac2bce7df91
AnemiaAnemia is common in teens because they undergo rapid growth spurts, when the body needs more nutrients like iron. Learn about anemia and how it's treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/anemia.html/d59f63cc-1045-4151-87c3-750eb2f414d4
Becoming a VegetarianPeople choose vegetarianism for a variety of reasons. This article describes different types of vegetarianism and provides advice on ways for vegetarians to get all the nutrients they need.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vegetarian.html/5f669f38-aaba-4625-8686-dbc536b7a46a
Beta ThalassemiaBeta thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body has a problem producing beta globin, a component of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/beta-thalassemia.html/92b6c08b-14ad-4b67-bc47-c1acd388d19c
Blood Find out about the mysterious, life-sustaining fluid called blood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/blood.html/4cbf9380-e4e4-445c-92a9-93f01a97516b
Blood Test: Complete Blood CountThe complete blood count (CBC) is the most common blood test. It analyzes red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest4.html/d215a09d-302c-4d09-84b9-239b78916755
Blood Test: Ferritin (Iron)Doctors may order a ferritin test when they suspect kids have too little or too much iron in their bodies.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-ferritin.html/8a749966-acaf-40af-8e4f-2e43cf958214
Blood Test: Hemoglobin ElectrophoresisA hemoglobin electrophoresis can help diagnose diseases involving abnormal hemoglobin production, and often is performed as part of newborn screening tests.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-electrophoresis.html/5f3f231c-1266-401a-ac0c-764b1bcafe88
Blood Test: Reticulocyte CountThis test measures the rate at which reticulocytes (immature red blood cells) are made in the bone marrow and enter the bloodstream. A reticulocyte count can provide information about a child's anemia.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/reticulocyte.html/e79b83cb-ca0f-4e91-8bd3-119998e8f932
Blood TransfusionsAbout 5 million people a year get blood transfusions in the United States. This article explains why people need them and who donates the blood used.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/transfusions.html/e62b4115-02ec-45e0-bab3-ab6097ba1f4d
G6PD DeficiencyG6PD deficiency an inherited condition in which someone doesn't have enough of the enzyme G6PD, which protects red blood cells.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/g6pd.html/370045b4-ac0a-4bda-8cea-65ff2857edf9
IronIron is an important ingredient needed to make hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying part of every red blood cell.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/iron.html/d4b58ddd-4132-4d3e-bacf-94c06fe5d0e0
Iron-Deficiency AnemiaIron helps the body carry oxygen in the blood and plays a key role in brain and muscle function. Too little iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ida.html/b81f3bad-4d4d-4db1-8c26-45affb53c115
Sickle Cell DiseaseSickle cell disease is a blood disorder that makes red blood cells change shape and cause health problems. Find out how to help your child.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sickle-cell-anemia.html/4b0a03a5-a1be-4cb9-ad8d-6fd5ae9faa0a
What's Anemia?What does it mean when a kid has anemia? Learn about anemia, why kids get it, and how it's treated in our article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/anemia.html/9888df72-edc2-4c11-8660-bb2c4b682960
Word! Red Blood CellsRed blood cells have the important job of carrying oxygen.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-red-blood-cells.html/e163905c-3823-40f0-9791-bb9161af3c16
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-hematologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-hematologyCancer Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/cancer-basics/9ea0efb4-12d0-4d11-8b46-923deeb7b806Heart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8bhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/hemoglobin_a_enIL.jpg