Serious Allergic Reactions (Anaphylaxis)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-anaphylaxis-enHD-AR1.gifKids with severe allergies can be at risk for a sudden, serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. The good news is that when treated properly, anaphylaxis can be managed.shock, allergic shock, allergic reactions, severe allergic reactions, serious allergy, bad allergy, allergies, anaphylactic, anafalaxis, epipen, epi pen, epi-pen, food allergy, peanut allergy, shellfish allergy, throat closing, lips swell, faint, epinephrine, emergency, emergencies, bug bites, insect bites, bugs, insects, allergic to, antihistamines, benadryl, milk allergy, milk, dairy, bee stings, epy, epy pen, biphasic reactions, biphasic, 911, CD1Allergy07/29/200812/04/201912/04/2019Larissa Hirsch, MD11/01/20193ff97505-24b8-4097-b943-4efa57931a0dhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anaphylaxis.html/<h3>What Is Anaphylaxis?</h3> <p>Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction. Things that can cause allergic reactions are called allergens.</p> <p>Anaphylaxis (an-eh-fil-AK-siss) most often happens during allergic reactions to:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-allergies.html/">foods</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sting-allergy.html/">insect stings</a></li> <li>medicines</li> <li>latex</li> </ul> <p>Anaphylaxis can be scary. But being prepared will help you treat a reaction quickly.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Anaphylaxis?</h3> <p>Allergic reactions can cause:</p> <ul> <li>trouble breathing</li> <li>throat tightness or feeling like the throat or airways are closing</li> <li>hoarseness or trouble speaking</li> <li>wheezing</li> <li>nasal stuffiness or coughing</li> <li>nausea, belly pain, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a>, or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a></li> <li>trouble swallowing</li> <li>fast heartbeat or pulse</li> <li>skin itching, tingling, redness, or swelling</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hives.html/">hives</a></li> <li>a feeling like something bad is about to happen</li> <li>pale skin</li> <li>passing out</li> </ul> <p>Anaphylaxis can cause different symptoms at different times. It's considered anaphylaxis if someone has:</p> <ul> <li>any severe symptoms, such as trouble breathing, repeated vomiting, passing out, or throat tightness<br /> or</li> <li>two or more mild symptoms, such as hives and vomiting or coughing and belly pain</li> </ul> <p>The person needs treatment right away.</p> <h3>How Is Anaphylaxis Treated?</h3> <p>Someone with anaphylaxis needs help right away. The reaction can get worse very quickly. So doctors usually want people with allergies to carry injectable medicine called <strong>epinephrine</strong>. Epinephrine enters the bloodstream and works quickly against serious allergy symptoms.</p> <p>Doctors prescribe epinephrine auto injectors. These should always be with the child with allergies, including at school, sports, jobs, and other activities. The auto injector is small and easy to use.</p> <p>If the doctor prescribes epinephrine for your child, the doctor will show you how to use it. Two auto injectors should always be with your child in case one injector does not work or your child needs a second dose.</p> <p>Your doctor also might instruct you to give your child antihistamines in certain cases. But <strong>always</strong> treat a serious reaction with epinephrine. Never use antihistamines instead of epinephrine in serious reactions.</p> <p><img class="center_this" title="Give an epinephrine injection to treat anaphylaxis right away, as described in the article." src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/epiHowToCaption-415x233-enIL.png" alt="Give an epinephrine injection to treat anaphylaxis right away, as described in the article." /></p> <h3>What Should I Do If My Child Has a Serious Reaction?</h3> <p>Seconds count during anaphylaxis. If your child shows signs of a serious allergic reaction:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Give the epinephrine auto-injector right away.</strong> If you are alone with your child, give this medicine first, then call 911. If someone is with you, have the person call 911 while you give the epinephrine.</li> <li>Lay your child down with legs raised while you wait for the ambulance.</li> <li>Go to the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emergency-room.html/">emergency room</a>, even if symptoms improve after epinephrine. Your child must be under medical supervision for several hours. This is because a second wave of serious symptoms (called a biphasic reaction) often happens. Your child can get more treatment at the emergency room, if needed.</li> </ol> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>Serious allergies can be alarming. But you can help keep your child safe. Be sure to:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Help your child avoid allergens.</li> <li>Always having two epinephrine auto injectors with your child.</li> <li>Tell any caregivers, teachers, or coaches about your child's allergy and be sure they know what to do in an emergency.</li> <li>Check that your child's auto injectors have not expired and don't get too hot or too cold.</li> <li>Have your child wear a medical ID bracelet so others know to use the epinephrine in case of an emergency.</li> </ul>Reacciones alérgicas graves (anafilaxia)La anafilaxia puede asustar mucho. Pero, si está preparado, podrá tratar esta reacción alérgica rápidamente.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/anaphylaxis-esp.html/ab99a245-3109-42d8-a612-413b4df48511
5 Ways to Be Prepared for an Allergy EmergencyQuick action is essential during a serious allergic reaction. It helps to remind yourself of action steps so they become second nature if there's an emergency. Here's what to do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/allergy-emergency.html/d5aa4a48-7679-468c-8e87-905586a85181
5 Ways to Prepare for an Allergy EmergencyBeing prepared for an allergy emergency will help you, your child, and other caregivers respond in the event of a serious reaction.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/allergy-emergency.html/f317a282-5219-4284-a9f4-ee89d7e2a2a6
All About AllergiesMillions of Americans, including many kids, have an allergy. Find out how allergies are diagnosed and how to keep them under control.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/allergy.html/50114e1e-94ae-48c1-8769-b59b60036096
Allergy ShotsMany kids battle allergies year-round, and some can't control their symptoms with medications. For them, allergy shots (or allergen immunotherapy) can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/shots.html/560272a7-d80b-4017-979d-4a41bb4023ea
Allergy TestingDoctors use several different types of allergy tests, depending on what a person may be allergic to. Find out what to expect from allergy tests.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/allergy-tests.html/781afac6-a4a9-477f-a759-1cee604cebf5
Bug Bites and StingsMost bug bites and stings are just annoying. But some can cause infections and allergic reactions. It's important to know what to watch for, and when to get medical attention.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/insect-bite.html/27e9ddc1-74e4-4007-8647-35641b306b98
First Aid: Allergic ReactionsAlthough most allergic reactions aren't serious, severe reactions can be life-threatening and can require immediate medical attention.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/allergic-reaction-sheet.html/59bcd54d-cee6-4f0d-a758-11b1b6c61608
First Aid: Insect Stings and BitesBeing stung by a bug is often just irritating and doesn't require medical treatment. But kids who are highly allergic to stings may need emergency medical care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/insect-stings-sheet.html/86e1ee2e-fa87-43cc-a5a0-4344a72a3a1c
Food AllergiesFood allergies can cause serious and even deadly reactions in kids, so it's important to know how to feed a child with food allergies and to prevent reactions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-allergies.html/d3040abf-fd78-4aac-be4a-3f2dd59957ef
Going to the Emergency RoomKnowing what to expect when you need to take your child to the emergency room can help make it a little less stressful.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emergency-room.html/f1516095-cc05-42f2-bb97-a7e7865d9bde
Hives (Urticaria)Hives cause raised red bumps or welts on the skin. They're pretty common and usually not serious. Find out what to do about hives in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/hives.html/9ec00c5c-10d5-4e20-85ab-8ea267cf5389
Insect Sting AllergyInsect sting allergies can cause serious reactions. Find out how to keep kids safe.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sting-allergy.html/701e2b97-9880-4ee9-8b38-56ab474a1a9b
Nut and Peanut AllergyA growing number of kids are allergic to nuts and peanuts. Find out more about this problem and how allergic kids can stay healthy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/nut-allergy.html/a62fda0c-1707-4629-8edd-547434acea30
Serious Allergic Reactions (Anaphylaxis)A person with severe allergies can be at risk for a sudden, serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. This reaction can seem scary, but the good news is it can be treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/anaphylaxis.html/0a39f182-b6cb-4509-990c-ba3790dad4b8
Shellfish AllergyShellfish allergy can cause serious reactions. Find out common symptoms of allergic reactions and how to respond.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/shellfish-allergy.html/06464a79-675d-4509-b7d4-e325bdb46264
Word! Allergy Shots and ImmunotherapyImagine if you were always sneezing because you were allergic to something.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-allergyshots.html/37dd52b3-e320-474d-932c-8ceeea522388
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