ADHDenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/ADHD_enHD_1.jpgADHD is a common medical condition that can affect kids at school, at home, and in friendships. This article is for parents who want to learn more about ADHD and how to help kids get the best diagnosis and care.attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, attention deficit disorder, ADD, ADHD, adhd, add, ad/hd, a.d.d., a.d.h.d., hyperactive, hyper, hyperactivity, inattention, inattentive, type, paying attention, problems paying attention, difficulty paying attention, learning disability, pay attention, impulsive, fidgets, depression, mood disorders, learning disorders, stimulants, adhd medications, behavior treatments, oppositional defiant disorder, dexedrine, alternative medicine, herbs, biofeedback, vitamins, minerals, educational rights, schools, concerta, adderall, ritalin, alternative adhd treatments, adhd therapies, megavitamins, body treatments, diet manipulation, allergy treatment for adhd, chiropractic for adhd, sensory integration, neurological (EEG) biofeedback, attention training, visual training, CD1Developmental Pediatrics, CD1Behavioral Health, CD1Psychology/Psychiatry, CD1ADHD, CD1Developmental Pediatrics, CD1Behavioral Health, CD1Psychology/Psychiatry, CD1ADHD, CD1Autism03/22/200003/07/201909/02/2019Shirin Hasan, MD11/15/2017f42ae5d2-7169-4339-b118-781dbfcb5f97https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd.html/<h3>What Is ADHD?</h3> <p>ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is a medical condition. A person with ADHD has differences in brain development and brain activity that affect attention, the ability to sit still, and self-control. ADHD can affect a child at <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd-school.html/">school</a>, at home, and in friendships.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs of ADHD?</h3> <p>All kids struggle at times to pay attention, listen and follow directions, sit still, or wait their turn. But for kids with ADHD, the struggles are harder and happen more often.&nbsp;</p> <p>Kids with ADHD may have signs from one, two, or all three of these categories:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Inattentive.</strong> Kids who are inattentive (easily distracted) have trouble focusing their attention, concentrating, and staying on task. They may not listen well to directions, may miss important details, and may not finish what they start. They may daydream or dawdle too much. They may seem absent-minded or forgetful, and lose track of their things.</li> <li><strong>Hyperactive.</strong> Kids who are hyperactive are fidgety, restless, and easily bored. They may have trouble sitting still, or staying quiet when needed. They may rush through things and make careless mistakes. They may climb, jump, or roughhouse when they shouldn't. Without meaning to, they may act in ways that disrupt others.</li> <li><strong>Impulsive.</strong> Kids who are impulsive act too quickly before thinking. They often interrupt, might push or grab, and find it hard to wait. They may do things without asking for permission, take things that aren't theirs, or act in ways that are risky. They may have emotional reactions that seem too intense for the situation.</li> </ul> <p>Sometimes parents and teachers notice signs of ADHD when a child is very young. But it's normal for little kids to be distractible, restless, impatient, or impulsive &mdash; these things don't always mean that a child has ADHD.</p> <p>Attention, activity, and self-control develop little by little, as children grow. Kids learn these skills with help from parents and teachers. But some kids don't get much better at paying attention, settling down, listening, or waiting. When these things continue and begin to cause problems at school, home, and with friends, it may be ADHD.</p> <h3>How Is ADHD Diagnosed?</h3> <p><strong>If you think your child has ADHD, make an appointment with your child's doctor.</strong> He or she will give your child a check-up, including vision and hearing, to be sure something else isn't causing the symptoms. The doctor can refer you to a child psychologist or psychiatrist if needed.</p> <p>To diagnose ADHD, doctors start by asking about a child's health, behavior, and activity. They talk with parents and kids about the things they have noticed. Your doctor might ask you to complete checklists about your child's behavior, and might ask you to give your child's teacher a checklist too.</p> <p>After gathering this information, doctors diagnose ADHD if it's clear that:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>A child's distractibility, hyperactivity, or impulsivity go beyond what's usual for their age.</li> <li>The behaviors have been going on since the child was young.</li> <li>Distractibility, hyperactivity, and impulsivity affect the child at school and at home.</li> <li>A health check shows that another health or learning issue isn't causing the problems.</li> </ul> <p>Many kids with ADHD also have learning problems, oppositional and defiant behaviors, or mood and anxiety problems. Doctors usually treat these along with the ADHD.</p> <h3>How Is ADHD Treated?</h3> <p>Treatment for ADHD usually includes:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd-medicines.html/">Medicine</a>.</strong> This activates the brain's ability to pay attention, slow down, and use more self-control.</li> <li><strong>Behavior therapy.</strong> <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finding-therapist.html/">Therapists</a> can help kids develop the social, emotional, and planning skills that are lagging with ADHD.</li> <li><strong>Parent coaching.</strong> Through coaching, parents learn the best ways to respond to behavior difficulties that are part of ADHD.</li> <li><strong>School support.</strong> <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd-factsheet.html/">Teachers</a> can help kids with ADHD do well and enjoy school more.</li> </ul> <p>The right treatment helps ADHD improve. Parents and teachers can teach younger kids to get better at managing their attention, behavior, and emotions. As they grow older, kids should learn to improve their own attention and self-control.</p> <p><strong>When ADHD is not treated, it can be hard for kids to succeed.</strong> This may lead to low self-esteem, depression, oppositional behavior, school failure, risk-taking behavior, or family conflict.</p> <h3>What Can Parents Do?</h3> <p>If your child is diagnosed with ADHD:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Be involved.</strong> Learn all you can about ADHD. Follow the treatment your child's health care provider recommends. Keep all recommended appointments for therapy.</li> <li><strong>Give medicines safely.</strong> If your child is taking ADHD medicine, always give it at the recommended time and dose. Keep medicines in a safe place.</li> <li><strong>Work with your child's school.</strong> Ask teachers if your child should have an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/iep.html/">IEP</a>. Meet often with teachers to find out how your child is doing. Work together to help your child do well</li> <li><strong>Parent with purpose and warmth.</strong> Learn what <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/parenting-kid-adhd.html/">parenting</a> approaches are best for a child with ADHD&nbsp;&mdash; and which can make ADHD worse. Talk openly and supportively about ADHD with your child. Focus on your child's strengths and positive qualities.</li> <li><strong>Connect with others for support and awareness.</strong> Join a <a href="http://www.chadd.org/" onclick="window.open(this.href, 'windyWindow', 'width=800,height=600,status=no,scrollbars=yes,toolbar=no,resizable=yes,location=yes'); return false;">support organization</a> for ADHD to get updates on treatment and other information.</li> </ul> <p><img class="center" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/ADHD_a_enIL.png" alt="Help your child understand ADHD, work with teachers and caregivers, and keep track of what helps your child." /></p> <h3>What Causes ADHD?</h3> <p>It's not clear what causes the brain differences of ADHD. There's strong evidence that ADHD is mostly inherited. Many kids who have ADHD have a parent or relative with it.</p> <p>ADHD is <em>not</em> caused by too much screen time, poor parenting, or eating too much sugar.</p> <p>ADHD can improve when kids get treatment, eat healthy food, get enough sleep and exercise, and have supportive parents who know how to respond to ADHD.</p>TDAHEl TDAH es un trastorno del comportamiento bastante frecuente, ya que se estima que afecta a entre el 8 y el 10% de los niños en edad escolar. Los niños con TDAH actúan sin pensar, son hiperactivos y tienen problemas de concentración. La buena noticia es que, con tratamiento adecuado, los niños con TDAH pueden aprender a vivir con sus síntomas y a controlarlos bien.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/adhd-esp.html/130b3f8d-fbea-464c-b74c-1638d828d344
ADHDADHD is a medical condition that makes it harder for kids to stay focused. Kids with ADHD can also be more fidgety than other kids their age. This article for kids explains how doctors decide a kid has ADHD and what they can do about it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/adhdkid.html/be0458c9-0eda-487d-84e7-be9ff448bc54
ADHD Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about ADHD, and teaching strategies to help students with ADHD succeed in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd-factsheet.html/a7c96329-ac0e-49f4-83bc-b601b8890f82
ADHD MedicinesMedicine doesn’t cure ADHD. But it does help boost a child's ability to pay attention, slow down, and have more self-control. This article for parents has details on how ADHD medicines help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd-medicines.html/ee0de9dd-dc41-412c-872f-1f0bb1c8faa4
ADHD and SchoolADHD can affect a child's ability to do well in school and even make friends. This article for parents has tips on working with teachers to help your child succeed. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd-school.html/70a3cf39-2463-4d68-bcc1-fc64125613b4
ADHD: Tips to TryThere's no quick fix for ADHD. But taking medicine and working with counselors can help. This article for teens has tips for handling school and relationships.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/adhd-tips.html/8ec4fc74-66dd-4ee6-b507-3e87b3151309
Parenting a Child With ADHDParenting is as important as any other part of ADHD treatment. The way parents respond can make ADHD better (or worse). This article has parenting tips to help kids improve and do well.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/parenting-kid-adhd.html/bc616833-25b3-4dbc-ba56-eee55cbf359f
Parenting a Teen With ADHDParenting is as important as any other part of ADHD treatment. The way parents respond can make ADHD better (or worse). This article has parenting tips to help teens improve and do well.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/parenting-teen-adhd.html/bef86acc-b962-4656-a707-db7d7091f3e3
Therapy for ADHDTherapy is part of the treatment for most people diagnosed with ADHD. This article is for teens who want to know what to expect from therapy and how it works for ADHD.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/adhd-therapy.html/b57a50f3-05ee-4430-a9a5-6d5975533a21
Word! ADHDADHD is short for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-adhd.html/bb88a340-6ad5-47b0-b687-6704c81e4cfe
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-behavioralHealthkh:clinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicinekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-behavioralHealthLearning & Healthhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/homework/learning-health/53a669e0-1442-4639-abe9-45a432c94713Learning Disordershttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/learning/ec5e6230-07cd-48f8-8d19-78d04d52dc5dLearning & Educationhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/positive/learning/1953e128-6bf3-4f0f-99cd-c4e81f4501edBehaviorhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emotions/behavior/ec417296-5115-48f8-9e98-400241ef0269https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/ADHD_a_enIL.png