Acanthosis Nigricansenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-acanthosisNigricans-enHD-AR1.jpgAcanthosis nigricans (AN) is a condition that causes the skin to thicken and darken in places. AN is not harmful or contagious, but can be a sign of certain other medical conditions.skin, dark skin, black, tough, thick, velvety, change, color, change in skin, neck, elbows, knees joints, palms, thighs, groin, overweight, weight, diabetes, diabetic, pill, the pill, birth control pills, dermatologists, dermatology, type 2, type 2 diabetes, types of diabetes, skin problems, skin conditions, dark patches, velvet skin, velvety skin, skin changes, diabetes problems, obesity, obese, knuckles, skin differences, ailments, skin ailments, rough patches, scaly, darker skin, dark patches on skin, AN, a.n., Acanthosis nigricans, acanthosis, nigricans, akanthosis, ackanthosis, acanthowsis, acanthosus, nigri, nigra, nigracans, nigracins, thicker skin, thickening skin, skin getting thicker02/14/201204/26/201909/02/2019Patrice Hyde, MD10/01/201688676454-423c-49be-9213-28f35625f45ehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acanthosis.html/<p>Acanthosis nigricans (ah-kan-THO-sis NY-gruh-kans)&nbsp;is a skin condition. It causes thicker and darker patches or streaks around joints and body areas with many creases and folds (such as knuckles, armpits, elbows, knees, and the sides and back of the neck).</p> <p>Some people also develop acanthosis nigricans on their palms, groin, lips, or, in very rare cases, non-crease areas like the face, back, arms, or legs. The skin may stay soft, which is why the word "velvety" is often used to describe the symptoms of acanthosis nigricans.</p> <p>Acanthosis nigricans is not an infection and isn't contagious. A few kids might have mild itching, but otherwise acanthosis nigricans is harmless. Still, a doctor will run tests to rule out underlying causes that could require treatment.</p> <p>Managing acanthosis nigricans means treating the conditions that are causing the skin darkening.</p> <h3>Causes</h3> <p><span style="font-size: 1em;">Acanthosis nigricans is most commonly found in children with high blood insulin levels, a condition often associated with kids who are <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/">overweight or obese</a> or have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/type2.html/">diabetes</a>.</span></p> <p>Sometimes acanthosis nigricans can be a warning sign of other more serious conditions, such as certain cancers and endocrine problems, along with type 2 diabetes and the health issues associated with obesity.</p> <p>In rare cases, acanthosis nigricans can be caused by certain medicines, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bcpills.html/">oral contraceptives</a> and cholesterol medicine.&nbsp;In some cases, it can be hereditary (passed on to a person by his or her parents).&nbsp;</p> <h3>Symptoms</h3> <p>Usually, the only signs of acanthosis nigricans&nbsp;will be dark, thick, velvety patches of skin in creases and folds, usually in the neck, armpits, or groin. But it's sometimes found in the lips, palms, knuckles, soles of the feet, and other areas. In rare cases, children may have mild itching in the affected areas.</p> <p><img class="center_this" title="illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/acanthosisnigricansA-415x233-enIL.png" alt="illustration" /></p> <p><span style="font-size: 1em;">The patches of skin will usually change color slowly, over the course of months or even years. If your child's skin changes color rapidly, call your doctor right away. It could be a sign of a serious medical condition.</span></p> <h3>Diagnosis</h3> <p>If your child develops acanthosis nigricans, see your doctor, who can determine whether there's a serious cause. Doctors can generally make a diagnosis of acanthosis nigricans by taking a look at the affected skin.</p> <p>To test for other conditions, the doctor may order blood tests or an X-ray.</p> <h3>Treatment</h3> <p>Most cases of acanthosis nigricans&nbsp;only involve changes in skin color and&nbsp;thickness, and there is no set treatment for it. For many kids, acanthosis nigricans&nbsp;requires no treatment at all; for some, the dark skin will eventually fade on its own.</p> <p>For cases of acanthosis nigricans&nbsp;where an underlying cause is found, treating the cause can make the dark patches of skin fade or disappear entirely. This can mean stopping any medicine that might be causing the problem or treating any health issues.</p> <p>For most kids, the best treatment for acanthosis nigricans&nbsp;is to maintain a healthy weight and get plenty of exercise. Encourage your child to eat a good diet and make healthy lifestyle choices. Several studies show that eating well and exercising can help lessen, and in some cases prevent or reverse, acanthosis nigricans.</p> <h3>Living With Acanthosis Nigricans</h3> <p>Acanthosis nigricans&nbsp;can be highly visible and hard to cover up &mdash; especially if it happens on the neck or hands. So having it it can be embarrassing for kids. They may feel self-conscious and might be teased by classmates.</p> <p>To help kids feel better about their appearance, doctors often prescribe creams and lotions that can help lighten the skin. Ask as many questions as you need to in order to understand when and how to follow the treatment plan.</p> <p>Don't believe the hype about bleaches, skin scrubs, and over-the-counter exfoliating treatments &mdash; these aren't likely to work and can irritate the skin, not to mention waste money.</p> <p><span style="font-size: 1em;">As a parent, you can do a lot to help your child manage worry and feel less embarrassed. Talk openly about acanthosis nigricans&nbsp;and let your child know that he or she is not alone. Ask a doctor about local support groups or other resources that can help your child feel more <a class="kh_anchor">confident</a>.</span></p>Acantosis nigricansLa acantosis nigricans (AN) es una afección cutánea que produce manchas oscuras y engrosadas alrededor de las articulaciones y en las zonas del cuerpo con pliegues.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/acanthosis-esp.html/981ed639-6039-463d-846b-194cebb239ca
About Overweight and ObesityWe use the words "oveweight" and "obese" a lot, but they actually have medical meanings. Find out how doctors diagnose these conditions and what they mean for a person's health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity-overweight.html/3db5b37c-b543-4171-bd34-d7d71e1a51eb
Acanthosis NigricansAcanthosis nigricans is a darkening and thickening of the skin that can be a sign of other medical conditions. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/acanthosis.html/c86a03c0-bec0-4592-899e-e463463118c8
Diabetes CenterDiabetes means a problem with insulin, an important hormone in the body. Find out how children with diabetes can stay healthy and do the normal stuff kids like to do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/center/diabetes-center.html/0767277a-98f9-4541-b2f6-f3c68f43a94c
Overweight and ObesityPreventing kids from becoming overweight means making choices in the way your family eats and exercises, and how you spend time together.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/3984b1ff-ca0a-46aa-889c-9bb1fb8b4884
Therapy and Weight ManagementLosing weight can feel like a challenge, no matter how much we want it. It can sometimes seem like our minds are working against us. That's where weight-management counselors can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/weight-therapists.html/d718cd12-ea3c-4f11-ae1a-24fa0827850b
Treating Type 2 DiabetesKids who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes will need a diabetes management plan to help them manage the condition and stay healthy and active.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/treating-type2.html/ab6e8644-fed9-4b2a-8fe6-18393da696cb
Type 2 Diabetes: How Is It Treated?People with type 2 diabetes need to follow a plan to manage their diabetes and stay healthy and active.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/treating-type2.html/b6458cdd-5ad3-4b39-80ba-79625d8b958c
Type 2 Diabetes: What Is It?Learning what you can about type 2 diabetes will let you help your child manage and live with the disease. Here are the basics.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/type2.html/d2e1a712-f804-4e52-b4d5-4c7266b0c39a
Weight and DiabetesA balanced diet and an active lifestyle are important for kids with diabetes because weight can influence diabetes, and diabetes can influence weight.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/weight-diabetes.html/39ba5f7c-ecc6-4068-96ca-72fdd7690a54
What Being Overweight MeansBeing overweight has become a serious problem for many kids and adults. Find out what it means to be overweight in this article just for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/overweight.html/d8d5c0af-4083-4a42-88de-2b50dded661d
When Being Overweight Is a Health ProblemA couple of pounds of extra body fat are not a health risk for most people. But when people are severely overweight, it can cause health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity.html/86e35f4d-c4b7-42bf-84a0-f23b54b1965a
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-dermatologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-endocrinologyEndocrine Glands, Growth & Diabeteshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/endocrine/587da900-34e2-43e7-a2a4-5a4ed4bc7781Skin Infections & Rasheshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/skin/5aeb606d-89ae-4a7c-b37c-880aee453419https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/acanthosisnigricansA-415x233-enIL.png