A to Z: Sturge-Weber Syndromeenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/AtoZ_Dictionary_enHD1.jpgLearn about this genetic disorder that can cause a birthmark on the face called a port-wine stain, as well as other symptoms.Sturge-Weber syndrome, SWS, encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, birthmarks, facial birthmark, port-wine stain, face, brain, nervous system, capillaries, genetic disorder, neurocutaneous syndromes, angioma, seizures, glaucoma, buphthalmos, stroke, genetic mutation06/08/201504/11/201904/11/201916138268-2f9e-4185-bff6-0e6bcc526737https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/101561.html/<p><em>May also be called: SWS, Encephalotrigeminal Angiomatosis</em></p> <p>Sturge-Weber (STURJ-WEB-ur) syndrome is a rare disorder that is present at birth that causes facial birthmarks (port-wine stains) and other symptoms.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Sturge-Weber syndrome is caused by a random mutation in one of a baby&rsquo;s <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genes</a>. Doctors don&rsquo;t know what causes the mutation, but it doesn&rsquo;t appear to run in families. The mutation can cause tiny blood vessels (capillaries) to grow uncontrolled in the area of the face and brain. Each case of Sturge-Weber is unique, and symptoms vary widely.</p> <p>Abnormal capillary growth in the face leads to a port-wine stain that is present at birth and usually covers at least one upper eyelid and the forehead. These birthmarks can range in color from light pink to dark purple and may get darker with age. Abnormal capillary growth near the brain can lead to neurological problems, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/">seizures</a> that can begin before the first birthday and get more severe with age. A child also may experience seizures that affect the side of the body opposite from the port-wine stain.</p> <p>About half of all people with Sturge-Weber also develop glaucoma (increased pressure inside the eye that impairs vision), typically in the eye that is affected by the port-wine stain. That eye also might be enlarged (a condition called buphthalmos). Some kids who have this condition also experience <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strokes.html/">strokes</a>.</p> <p>Children as young as 1 month old who have Sturge-Weber can undergo laser treatment to reduce or remove port-wine stains. Anticonvulsant medication may be used to control seizures. Surgery can control glaucoma and vision problems, as well as seizures in children who do not respond to medications.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>There is no cure for Sturge-Weber syndrome, but treatments, medications, and surgery can help a child cope with the health problems associated with the disease. A support group or therapist may be able to help with any psychological issues.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
All About GeneticsRead the basics about genetics, including how certain illnesses, or increased risks for certain illnesses, pass from generation to generation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/0a35cfc5-5d12-46d2-b0a9-ffae83cace5c
Birth DefectsSome birth defects are minor and cause no problems; others cause major disabilities. Learn about the different types of birth defects, and how to help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/eeaa74ff-3f65-4df3-8757-9df2d014c2ee
BloodHere are the basics about the life-sustaining fluid called blood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood.html/79380405-c704-478c-a739-1d19c414015b
Genetic TestingAdvances in genetic testing help doctors diagnose and treat certain illnesses. The type of test done depends on which condition a doctor checks for.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetics.html/cbe49a95-6833-41f4-881a-c26287c4a33c
SeizuresSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/17184860-dea1-4cd4-95ba-3cf34539cd44
StrokesThis "brain attack" happens when blood flow to the brain stops, even for a second. Often, kids who have a stroke can learn to use their arms and legs and speak again through brain retraining.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strokes.html/5539d27a-a31c-459d-9bfc-94b934761cda
When Your Baby Has a Birth DefectIf your child has a birth defect, you don't have to go it alone - many people and resources are available to help you.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/baby-has-birth-defect.html/9c0573a4-68a2-4d7d-a868-26999e332361