A to Z: Congenital Anomalyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/AtoZ_Dictionary_enHD1.jpgSometimes babies are born with anomalies - one or more parts of the body that are different from normal in size, shape, or functioning. Learn more here.Congenital deformity, birth defect, congenital abnormality, congenital anomaly, congenital disorder, congenital defect, cleft lip, cleft palate, clubfoot, spina bifida, scoliosis, kyphosis, hyperlordosis, alcohol abuse, back braces, casts, genetic06/08/201503/25/201903/25/2019432422c8-eac5-4a58-b391-a148ee267d80https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/101558.html/<p><em>May also be called:</em> <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/"><em>Birth Defect</em></a><em>, Congenital Abnormality, Congenital Deformity, Congenital Disorder, Congenital Defect</em></p> <p>A congenital anomaly (con-GEN-ih-tul uh-NAW-muh-lee) is a change in the normal size, shape, or functioning of a body part caused by a condition that a baby is born with.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>In medical terms, an anomaly is any sort of deformity or distortion that makes a part of the body function incorrectly or be a different size or shape than it would be normally. Anomalies can be:</p> <ul> <li><strong>congenital:</strong> present at birth</li> <li><strong>developmental:</strong> appearing later in childhood</li> <li><strong>acquired:</strong> caused by injuries or illnesses that were not present at birth</li> </ul> <p>Common congenital anomalies include <a class="kh_anchor">cleft lips and palates</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-clubfoot.html/">clubfeet</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spina-bifida.html/">spina bifida</a>, and spinal deformities like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scoliosis.html/">scoliosis</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kyphosis.html/">kyphosis</a>, and hyperlordosis.</p> <p>Congenital anomalies can range from mild to severe. Mild anomalies might not be visible or cause any symptoms. In severe cases, anomalies can be more obvious. They also may cause pain, interfere with the movement and functioning of affected body parts, and negatively affect self-image.</p> <p>Most congenital anomalies are caused by abnormal genetic coding, but some can be due to infections or environmental factors &mdash; such as alcohol abuse &mdash; that affect the mother and fetus during pregnancy. Treatment depends on the specific anomaly and often includes surgery or the use of corrective devices like back braces and leg casts.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Many congenital anomalies can't be seen, won't cause any problems, and will never need treatment. Others respond very well to treatment, especially if it begins as soon as a doctor thinks a baby is ready for it. Cleft lips and palates, for example, can be corrected through surgery; and spinal deformities and clubfeet often can be successfully realigned through bracing and casting.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Birth DefectsSome birth defects are minor and cause no problems; others cause major disabilities. Learn about the different types of birth defects, and how to help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/eeaa74ff-3f65-4df3-8757-9df2d014c2ee
Fetal Alcohol SyndromeIf a woman drinks alcohol during her pregnancy, her baby could be born with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which causes a wide range of physical, behavioral, and learning problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fas.html/093ddcfb-59b6-4aa2-a4e8-a59f37530b61
KyphosisEveryone's spine is slightly rounded forward at a gentle angle. If this angle is too pronounced, more than 50 degrees or so, it's called kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kyphosis.html/af13c241-d4fa-45ae-805a-1c88b8048f60
ScoliosisScoliosis makes a person’s spine curve from side to side. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scoliosis.html/7c31ed8b-b3dc-4c62-b68d-90777c53681c
Staying Healthy During PregnancyDuring your pregnancy, you'll probably get advice from everyone. But staying healthy depends on you - read about the many ways to keep you and your baby as healthy as possible.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/preg-health.html/7e686897-565d-4171-9629-1e551abffa89
When Your Baby Has a Birth DefectIf your child has a birth defect, you don't have to go it alone - many people and resources are available to help you.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/baby-has-birth-defect.html/9c0573a4-68a2-4d7d-a868-26999e332361