A to Z: Central Sleep Apneaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_02_1.jpgLearn more about this condition, in which abnormal brain signals cause a person's breathing to stop and start repeatedly during sleep.Central sleep apnea, CSA, Ondine's curse, breathing, respiratory system, sleep, sleep problems, apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, sleep apnea, continuous positive airway pressure, CPAP, breathing aids, sleep study, polysomnography, idiopathic central sleep apnea, lungs, airways, fatigue, heart problems, sleepiness, insomnia06/08/201503/22/201903/22/2019edfe913c-aa98-4b6d-a97f-f70334c0d670https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/101554.html/<p><em>May also be called: CSA</em></p> <p>Central sleep apnea (AP-nee-uh) is a condition in which someone&rsquo;s breathing stops and starts repeatedly while the person is asleep.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Central sleep apnea occurs when the part of the brain that controls breathing temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that cause a person to breathe. This makes the person stop breathing until they wake up or their brain starts sending the signals again.</p> <p>Causes of central sleep apnea can include other medical conditions, certain medicines, high altitude, and treatment for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/apnea.html/">obstructive sleep apnea</a>, which occurs when something in the upper airway restricts a person&rsquo;s breathing. In some cases, called idiopathic central sleep apnea, doctors don&rsquo;t know the cause. Signs of central sleep apnea include restless sleep, headaches in the morning, daytime sleepiness, abrupt awakenings with shortness of breath, irritability, and long-term fatigue.</p> <p>Doctors will often do sleep studies to diagnose central sleep apnea. In these tests doctors monitor people while they sleep to see if their breathing stops. Treatment for central sleep apnea can involve treating associated medical problems, adjusting someone&rsquo;s medicines, or breathing aids such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). These types of treatments involve wearing a mask over the nose during sleep.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Central sleep apnea is a serious condition that can lead to complications such as severe fatigue and heart problems. Idiopathic central sleep apnea usually responds well to treatment. The outlook for apnea with an underlying cause depends on how well the underlying cause is treated or addressed.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
All About SleepGetting enough sleep can be a problem for children of any age. Read this article to learn tips on bedtime schedules and routines for your child.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep.html/9f78a892-c63e-4501-a609-e6ddbdc0ecd0
Apnea of PrematurityApnea of prematurity (AOP) is a condition in which premature infants stop breathing for 15 to 20 seconds during sleep. AOP usually goes away on its own as a baby matures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aop.html/503fca85-080c-451d-87d9-478d9f24cebb
Lungs and Respiratory SystemBy the time we're 70 years old, we will have taken at least 600 million breaths. All of this breathing couldn't happen without the respiratory system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/6fe380c0-fe47-47a4-ba19-7e0944585a61
NapsA good nap can keep kids from becoming overtired, which not only takes a toll on their moods but might make it harder for them to fall asleep at night.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/naps.html/ccd00d82-d592-4354-9ecb-09606a77ed78
Night TerrorsA night terror seems similar to a nightmare, but it's far more dramatic. Night terrors can be alarming, but aren't usually cause for concern or a sign of a medical issue.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/terrors.html/2d84d507-40d2-457d-89c4-2ef439f2d83c
Obstructive Sleep ApneaBrief pauses in breathing during sleep can be normal. But when breathing stops often or for longer periods, it can be a cause for concern.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/apnea.html/ec09b3ef-1913-4a9d-8f0a-ba3a4af6d5a9
Sleep Problems in TeensDoes your teen have trouble falling asleep at night? Is he or she sleepy during the day? Find out if it's just a normal part of adolescence, or if something else is to blame.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep-problems.html/10882f00-0fdb-4cbf-96bf-10500571547a