A to Z: Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/AtoZ_Dictionary_enHD1.jpgLearn more about this type of autism that can impair social skills, delay speech, and cause repetitive behaviors.Pervasive developmental disorder, PDD, autism spectrum disorder, autism, Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, PDD-NOS, developmental delays, language delays, communication, social skills, behavioral therapy, speech therapy, educational therapy, occupational therapy, repetitive movements06/08/201504/11/201904/11/2019dbf0fd5f-14ff-46d8-a994-09565a392a6dhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/101543.html/<p><em>May also be called: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, PDD-NOS</em></p> <p>A pervasive developmental disorder, or PDD, is a condition that delays a child&rsquo;s development of social and communication skills.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Kids with a pervasive developmental disorder have differences in the way their brains develop and process information. They might have language delays or trouble communicating with others. They may also do certain unusual or repetitive behaviors or have problems learning in school. Psychiatrists consider PDD to be a type of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/">autism</a>, but some psychiatrists and psychologists use the terms autism and PDD interchangeably. Some people also use PDD to describe a less disabling form of autism.</p> <p>Depending on the child, PDD can cause children to have few or many problems that may interfere with everyday tasks. Family members may notice a difference in a child with PDD by 2 or 3 years of age, but sometimes it can take longer to fully identify the condition. Early on, a child may not explore his or her surroundings with curiosity, or he or she may play with a toy in a way that seems odd or repetitive.</p> <p>Treatment for a PDD is tailored to each child's individual needs. This may include behavioral, educational, speech, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/">occupational</a> therapies to help kids learn how to take care of themselves, communicate and play with others, cooperate with social rules, and minimize unwanted behaviors. Sometimes doctors also give medications to treat certain symptoms.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Kids who show signs of having a PDD should be checked out right away by a psychologist or another doctor who treats developmental disorders. Although there's no cure for a PDD, early intervention and therapy can help kids develop skills and achieve their best potential.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Autism Spectrum DisorderAutism spectrum disorder affects a child's ability to communicate and learn. Early intervention and treatment can help kids improve skills and do their best.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/a7b0ca96-5b1f-412c-9da9-80bf22c8bba6
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
Delayed Speech or Language DevelopmentKnowing what's "normal" and what's not in speech and language development can help you figure out if you should be concerned or if your child is right on schedule.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/not-talk.html/0c41b2d1-1773-4a32-aeca-9a09589718ab
Occupational TherapyOccupational therapy can help improve kids' cognitive, physical, and motor skills and build their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/e6873992-af60-4bab-82d9-3bd1fe9ad5a3
Speech-Language TherapyWorking with a certified speech-language pathologist can help a child with speech or language difficulties.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/speech-therapy.html/9bcaa854-6c27-4d01-80c3-176d24a1ac3e