A to Z: Flatulence, Eructation, and Gas Painenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/AtoZ_Dictionary_enHD1.jpgIt may seem embarrassing to talk about, but intestinal gas and the sounds and smells it causes are common and usually totally normal. Learn more here.Flatulence, eructation, gas pain, intestinal gas, digestive tract, stomach, intestines, large intestine, colon, bacteria, burping, belching, bloating, passing gas, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, GERD, gastroesophageal reflux disease, irritable bowel syndrome, digestive disorders, fart, farting, lactose, gassy, gas, burp, bloated, stomach pain, abdominal pain06/08/201504/01/201904/01/201962e50af8-2175-4246-9e45-3e8851f53bcchttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/101538.html/<p><em>May also be called: Intestinal Gas, Gas in the Digestive Tract, Gas</em></p> <p>Flatulence (FLA-chuh-lents), eructation (eh-ruk-TAY-shun), and gas pain are signs of excess gas in the digestive tract.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p><strong>Flatulence</strong> is the medical term for passing gas through the anus. <strong>Eructation</strong> is the medical term for belching, burping, or passing gas through the mouth. <strong>Gas pain</strong> is often referred to as bloating. Any of these conditions can be a sign of a larger than normal amount of gas in the digestive tract. Gas, made up of carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, and sometimes methane and sulfur, is always present in the digestive tract, but too much can be embarrassing and sometimes painful.</p> <p>Gas gets into the digestive tract in two ways. First, people swallow air when they eat, drink, chew gum, or suck on a hard candy. Second, bacteria that live in the digestive tract make gas as they break down certain foods in the large intestine. Extra air can get into the digestive tract from eating or drinking too fast, drinking soda and other carbonated drinks, or smoking. Some foods &ndash; especially vegetables, beans, fruits, whole grains, and dairy products &ndash; reach the large intestine undigested before the bacteria break them down. Too much of those foods can give a person excess gas.</p> <p>Flatulence and eructation are normal ways of passing excess gas, but if they happen too often they can be signs of a digestive disorder. A person with excess intestinal gas may have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/celiac-disease.html/">celiac disease</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lactose.html/">lactose intolerance</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibs.html/">irritable bowel syndrome</a>, or gastroesophageal (GAS-tro-ih-saw-fuh-JEE-ul) reflux disease (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gerd-reflux.html/">GERD</a>). If a child passes a lot of gas it may also be a sign that he or she is constipated. Treating and preventing the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/constipation.html/">constipation</a> may help reduce the gas.</p> <p>Intestinal gas issues are usually treated by avoiding foods that make symptoms worse, changing certain eating habits, and taking medications that reduce gas and control symptoms.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>In most cases, flatulence, eructation, and gas pain are normal responses to excess gas that should clear up on their own. If they&rsquo;re severe or they go on for too long, however, these conditions should be checked out by a doctor. Identifying the cause of excess gas and taking steps to avoid it is often enough to control the condition.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Burping Your BabyHere's a quick guide to an important part of feeding a baby - burping.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/burping.html/d9d533bd-8d50-4d49-ab84-3b97fca9ce2a
Celiac DiseaseKids who have celiac disease, a disorder that makes their bodies react to gluten, can't eat certain kinds of foods. Find out more - including what foods are safe and where to find them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/celiac-disease.html/958894f9-478f-4bc1-b7d6-7ef14b7c03bb
ConstipationConstipation is a very common problem among kids, and it usually occurs because a child's diet doesn't include enough fluids and fiber. In most cases, simple changes can help kids go.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/constipation.html/daadcdeb-56c7-48cf-aef9-460c9922304a
Digestive SystemThe digestive process starts even before the first bite of food. Find out more about the digestive system and how our bodies break down and absorb the food we eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/f2005e0d-6586-4e09-94e7-65388be2bb40
Gastroesophageal RefluxWhen symptoms of heartburn or acid indigestion happen a lot, it could be gastroesophageal reflux (GER). And it can be a problem for kids - even newborns.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gerd-reflux.html/e7bf2cbd-1676-4ca9-a5d4-5d70052c0344
Hirschsprung DiseaseChildren with Hirschsprung disease aren't able to pass a bowel movement, or do so with difficulty. Treatment almost always requires surgery.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hirschsprung.html/9095a8c5-9508-4519-a1cc-d25dfe18b55a
Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to two chronic diseases that cause intestinal inflammation: ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Although they have features in common, there are some important differences.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibd.html/d7cfae34-a924-49aa-8520-ae89d797c766
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common intestinal problem that can cause cramps, gas, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. Certain foods can trigger these problems. So can anxiety, stress, and infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibs.html/42b47e2e-11e3-47af-96e3-2bd0b67dc7e5
Lactose IntoleranceMany kids have lactose intolerance - trouble digesting lactose, the main sugar in milk and milk products - which can cause cramps, diarrhea, and gas.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lactose.html/d021ff67-64d2-4238-8615-13b33c814d6f