A to Z: Fragile X Syndromeenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/AtoZ_Dictionary_enHD1.jpgKids with this inherited disorder can do well with therapies to help treat the intellectual, emotional, and behavioral challenges they face. Learn more here.Fragile X syndrome, FXS, Martin-Bell syndrome, Escalante's syndrome, marker X syndrome, FRAXA syndrome, fragile X, genetic disorders, genetic birth defects, genetic defects, genes, chromosomes, mental retardation, mental impairment, fragile X mental retardation 1, FMR1, autism, spectrum disorders, hyperactivity, ADHD, cgg repeat, macroorchidism, seizures, intellectual disorder06/08/201506/08/202006/08/2020f623e96a-df7e-443e-a37c-5b72a64c270bhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/101529.html/<p><em>May also be called: FXS, Martin-Bell Syndrome, Escalante&rsquo;s Syndrome, Marker X Syndrome, FRAXA Syndrome</em></p> <p>Fragile X syndrome is a genetic <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/">birth defect</a>. It causes mental impairment, such as learning disabilities, intellectual disability, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/">autistic behaviors</a>, and problems with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd.html/">attention</a> and hyperactivity.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">Genes</a> are like chemical blueprints that affect how the body looks and works. Fragile X syndrome happens because of a defect in a gene that makes a protein important to brain development. The body of a child with fragile X syndrome doesn't make this protein. As a result, the child has some degree of mental impairment, which can range from mild to severe.</p> <p>Children with fragile X have different features that include a long face, large ears, flat feet, and extremely flexible joints, especially fingers. Boys have the syndrome more often than girls and are more likely to have serious intellectual disability. Both boys and girls are likely to have emotional and behavioral problems.</p> <p>Some states <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-screening-tests.html/">screen newborns</a> for fragile X syndrome, but sometimes the condition isn't found until the toddler years. Children with developmental delays may be referred for genetic testing that can identify fragile X. Treatment depends on the severity of the mental impairment and the symptoms it causes. Kids with fragile X syndrome often get therapy to learn important skills and medicine to help with some behavioral issues.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Early diagnosis and a treatment plan that includes parents, caregivers, teachers, and others close to them can help kids with fragile X reach their full potential. There is no cure, but research continues into ways to prevent it and manage the complications.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
ADHDADHD is a common medical condition that can affect kids at school, at home, and in friendships. This article is for parents who want to learn more about ADHD and how to help kids get the best diagnosis and care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd.html/f42ae5d2-7169-4339-b118-781dbfcb5f97
All About GeneticsRead the basics about genetics, including how certain illnesses, or increased risks for certain illnesses, pass from generation to generation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/0a35cfc5-5d12-46d2-b0a9-ffae83cace5c
Autism Spectrum DisorderAutism spectrum disorder affects a child's ability to communicate and learn. Early intervention and treatment can help kids improve skills and do their best.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/a7b0ca96-5b1f-412c-9da9-80bf22c8bba6
Birth DefectsSome birth defects are minor and cause no problems; others cause major disabilities. Learn about the different types of birth defects, and how to help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/eeaa74ff-3f65-4df3-8757-9df2d014c2ee
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
Gene Therapy and ChildrenGene therapy carries the promise of cures for many diseases and for types of medical treatment most of us would not have thought possible.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gene-therapy.html/a62423ca-6e1e-4a80-b100-ddeec746b2b5
Genetic TestingAdvances in genetic testing help doctors diagnose and treat certain illnesses. The type of test done depends on which condition a doctor checks for.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetics.html/cbe49a95-6833-41f4-881a-c26287c4a33c
Newborn Screening TestsNewborn screening tests look for health conditions that aren't apparent at birth. Find out which tests are done.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-screening-tests.html/88c38a58-3915-44d8-aac8-2154433e4fab
Physical TherapyDoctors often recommend physical therapy for kids who have been injured or have movement problems from an illness, disease, or disability. Learn more about PT.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/b6464f6d-3679-4c44-b12d-6d6d3b1a95a7
When Your Baby Has a Birth DefectIf your child has a birth defect, you don't have to go it alone - many people and resources are available to help you.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/baby-has-birth-defect.html/9c0573a4-68a2-4d7d-a868-26999e332361
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicinekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicineFhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/f/339ba885-e610-4bf1-9292-481bbec43868