A to Z: Fragile X Syndromeenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/AtoZ_Dictionary_enHD1.jpgKids with this inherited disorder can do well with therapies to help treat the intellectual, emotional, and behavioral challenges they face. Learn more here.Fragile X syndrome, FXS, Martin-Bell syndrome, Escalante's syndrome, marker X syndrome, FRAXA syndrome, fragile X, genetic disorders, genetic birth defects, genetic defects, genes, chromosomes, mental retardation, mental impairment, fragile X mental retardation 1, FMR1, autism, spectrum disorders, hyperactivity, ADHD, cgg repeat, macroorchidism, seizures, intellectual disorder06/08/201506/08/202006/08/2020f623e96a-df7e-443e-a37c-5b72a64c270bhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/101529.html/<p><em>May also be called: FXS, Martin-Bell Syndrome, Escalante&rsquo;s Syndrome, Marker X Syndrome, FRAXA Syndrome</em></p> <p>Fragile X syndrome is a genetic <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/">birth defect</a>. It causes mental impairment, such as learning disabilities, intellectual disability, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/">autistic behaviors</a>, and problems with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd.html/">attention</a> and hyperactivity.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">Genes</a> are like chemical blueprints that affect how the body looks and works. Fragile X syndrome happens because of a defect in a gene that makes a protein important to brain development. The body of a child with fragile X syndrome doesn't make this protein. As a result, the child has some degree of mental impairment, which can range from mild to severe.</p> <p>Children with fragile X have different features that include a long face, large ears, flat feet, and extremely flexible joints, especially fingers. Boys have the syndrome more often than girls and are more likely to have serious intellectual disability. Both boys and girls are likely to have emotional and behavioral problems.</p> <p>Some states <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-screening-tests.html/">screen newborns</a> for fragile X syndrome, but sometimes the condition isn't found until the toddler years. Children with developmental delays may be referred for genetic testing that can identify fragile X. Treatment depends on the severity of the mental impairment and the symptoms it causes. Kids with fragile X syndrome often get therapy to learn important skills and medicine to help with some behavioral issues.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Early diagnosis and a treatment plan that includes parents, caregivers, teachers, and others close to them can help kids with fragile X reach their full potential. There is no cure, but research continues into ways to prevent it and manage the complications.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
ADHDADHD is a common medical condition that can affect kids at school, at home, and in friendships. This article is for parents who want to learn more about ADHD and how to help kids get the best diagnosis and care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd.html/f42ae5d2-7169-4339-b118-781dbfcb5f97
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Genetic TestingAdvances in genetic testing help doctors diagnose and treat certain illnesses. The type of test done depends on which condition a doctor checks for.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetics.html/cbe49a95-6833-41f4-881a-c26287c4a33c
Newborn Screening TestsNewborn screening tests look for health conditions that aren't apparent at birth. Find out which tests are done.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-screening-tests.html/88c38a58-3915-44d8-aac8-2154433e4fab
Physical TherapyDoctors often recommend physical therapy for kids who have been injured or have movement problems from an illness, disease, or disability. Learn more about PT.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/b6464f6d-3679-4c44-b12d-6d6d3b1a95a7
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