Fragile X Syndrome Factsheet (for Schools)enparents teachers should know about fragile X syndrome, and how to help students with the condition do their best in school.fragile x syndrome, fxs, Martin-Bell syndrome, intellectual disability, intellectual disabilities08/24/201511/08/201911/08/2019Rupal Christine Gupta, MD08/14/201536c8b5e5-c4fd-4f93-82d2-ba8c38926a6b<h3>What Teachers Should Know</h3> <p>Fragile X syndrome (FXS), also known as Martin-Bell syndrome, is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability. FXS is caused by a change in a gene on the X chromosome. This change results in an inability to make a protein needed for normal brain development.</p> <p>FXS affects both males and females, but is more common in males. FXS can result in:</p> <ul> <li>developmental delays<br /> </li> <li>learning disabilities<br /> </li> <li>social and behavioral problems<br /> </li> <li>intellectual disabilities</li> </ul> <p>People with FXS also may have other conditions, including:</p> <ul> <li><a href="">autism</a><br /> </li> <li><a href="">attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)</a><br /> </li> <li>seizures</li> </ul> <p>Students with FXS may:</p> <ul> <li>need seating accommodations and assistive or adaptive equipment in class<br /> </li> <li>require additional learning support<br /> </li> <li>have difficulties with planning, problem-solving, and impulsivity<br /> </li> <li>be very sensitive to sounds, lights, textures, tastes, and smells<br /> </li> <li>miss class time for occupational, physical, and speech therapies<br /> </li> <li>need frequent breaks during class time to help cope with <a href="">anxiety</a> and worry<br /> </li> <li>need small-group or one-on-one instruction for new concepts or tasks<br /> </li> <li>need an <a href="">individualized education program (IEP)</a> or <a href="">504 education plan</a></li> </ul> <h3>What Teachers Can Do</h3> <p>Students with FXS work best in a calm, structured learning environment without distractions. You can help your students with FXS by:</p> <ul> <li>using visual cues in addition to verbal instructions<br /> </li> <li>making time for extra breaks<br /> </li> <li>allowing them to wear noise-reduction headphones, dimming lights (if possible), providing quiet areas, and limiting classroom distractions<br /> </li> <li>teaching all your students self-calming strategies to avoid emotional outbursts</li> </ul> <p>Providing consistency and maintaining routines in the classroom, as well as encouraging participation in all appropriate activities, can help students with FXS do their best in school.</p>
504 Education PlansIf your child has special needs in the classroom, he or she may be eligible for a government-supported learning plan.
Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)Some kids may be eligible for individualized education programs in public schools, free of charge. Understanding how to access these services can help you be an effective advocate for your child.
Special Education: Getting Help for Your ChildKids with special needs may quality for services to help with learning. Here is a guide to getting the help your child needs.