Can You Get HIV From Having Sex With Someone Who Has AIDS?
If you have sex with someone who has AIDS, not HIV, can you still get HIV? – Sarah*
Yes. People who have AIDS are infected with the HIV virus. This means they can
pass HIV on to others.
AIDS (acquired immune
deficiency syndrome) happens after someone has had HIV for many years. In AIDS, the
immune system is severely
weakened. When someone gets HIV, that person can spread the infection to other people
immediately. And if HIV develops into AIDS, the virus can spread to others.
HIV/AIDS spreads when infected blood or body fluids (such as semen or vaginal fluids)
enter the body. This can happen:
during sex (especially anal sex and vaginal sex)
through sharing needles for injecting drugs or tattooing
by getting stuck with a needle with an infected person's blood on it
HIV/AIDS also can pass from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
To reduce your risk of getting HIV/AIDS if you are sexually active:
Use a condom
every time you have sex (including vaginal, oral, or anal sex).
Get tested for HIV
and make sure all partners do too.
Have fewer sexual partners.
Get tested and treated for STDs (sexually transmitted diseases); having an STD
increases the risk of HIV infection.
Consider taking a medicine every day (called PrEP or pre-exposure prophylaxis)
if you are at very high risk of getting infected (for example, if you are in a sexual
relationship with someone who has HIV/AIDS).
It's also important to:
not inject drugs or share any kind of needle
not share razors or other personal objects that may touch blood