This schedule of recommended immunizations may vary depending upon where you live,
your child's health, the type of vaccine, and the vaccines available.
Some of the vaccines may be given as part of a combination vaccine so that a child
gets fewer shots. Talk with your doctor about which vaccines your kids need.
Hepatitis B vaccine. Ideally, the first dose is given within 24 hours of birth, but
kids not previously immunized can get it at any age. Some low birth weight infants
will get it at 1 month or when they're discharged from the hospital.
Second dose should be given 1 to 2 months after the first dose.
Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine
Hib: This third dose may be needed, depending on the brand of
vaccine used in previous Hib immunizations.
RV: This third dose may be needed, depending on the brand of
vaccine used in previous RV immunizations.
6 months and annually
The flu vaccine is recommended every year for children 6 months and older:
Kids younger than 9 who get the flu vaccine for the first time (or who have had
only 1 dose of the vaccine in the past) will get it in 2 separate doses at least a
Kids younger than 9 who have had at least 2 doses of flu vaccine previously (at
any time) will need only 1 dose.
Kids older than 9 need only 1 dose.
The vaccine is given by injection with a needle (the flu shot) or by nasal spray.
Both types of vaccine can be used this flu season (2020–2021) because they seem
to work equally well. Your doctor will recommend which to use based on your child's
age and general health. The nasal spray is only for healthy people ages 2–49.
People with weak immune systems or some health conditions (such as asthma) and pregnant
women should not get the nasal spray vaccine.
Measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles) vaccine
Hepatitis A vaccine; given as 2 shots at least 6 months apart
Human papillomavirus vaccine, given in 2 shots over a 6- to 12-month period. It can
be given as early as age 9. For teens and young adults (ages 15–26 in girls
and boys both), it is given in 3 shots over 6 months. It's recommended for both girls
and boys to prevent genital warts and some types of cancer.
Tdap: Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis booster. Also recommended
during each pregnancy a woman has.
B vaccine (MenB): The MenB vaccine may be given to kids and
teens in 2 or 3 doses, depending on the brand. Unlike the meningococcal conjugate
vaccine, which is recommended, the decision to get the MenB vaccine is made by the
teens, their parents, and the doctor.
HepA can be given as early as 6 months of age to babies who will
travel to a place where hepatitis A is common (they will still need routine vaccination
after their first birthday). It's also recommended for older kids who did not get
it in the past.
The MMR vaccine can be given to babies as young as 6 months old
if they will be traveling internationally. These children should still get the recommended
routine doses at 12–15 months and 4–6 years of age, but can get the second
dose as early as 4 weeks after the first if they will still be traveling and at risk.
The flu vaccine is especially important for kids who are at risk
for health problems from the flu. High-risk groups include, but aren't limited to,
kids younger than 5 years old and those with chronic medical conditions, such as asthma, heart problems,
sickle cell disease,
diabetes, or HIV.
Pneumococcal vaccines can be given to older kids (age 2 and up)
who have conditions that affect their immune systems, such as asplenia or HIV infection,
or other conditions, like a cochlear
implant, chronic heart disease, or chronic lung disease.
The meningococcal vaccines can be given to kids as young as 8
weeks old (depending on the vaccine brand) who are at risk for a meningococcal infection,
such as meningitis.
This includes children with some immune disorders. Kids who live in (or will travel
to) countries where meningitis is common, or where there is an outbreak, also should
get the vaccine.
Note: An outbreak is when a disease happens in greater numbers
than expected in a particular area. If you have questions about vaccinating your family
during an outbreak, ask your health care provider or contact your state or local health