Toddlers — it's hard to imagine a more fitting name for this stage of development.
Between the ages of 1 and 3, toddlers are literally scooting away from babyhood in
search of new adventures. They're learning to talk, to walk and run, and to assert
their independence. For many in this age group, "outside" and "play" are becoming
As a parent, you're focused on keeping your little one safe. Supervision and safety
precautions, such as gates and electrical outlet covers, are important.
But you'll also want to offer your toddler chances to explore. That means close
supervision but with opportunities to enjoy different environments. From
a walk in the woods to a trip to a museum, parents can give kids the space and freedom
to investigate, which is an important part of helping them grow.
Exploring the inside and outside world — with supervision, of course —
is important for toddlers' emotional, social, and physical development. They learn
more about the world and how it works. It's one thing to see an orange, but it's another
to hold it in your hand, feel its cool, smooth surface, smell its fragrance, maybe
even taste it. That development is all the better if you ask questions: What
color is it? Is it big or little?
Exploring also gives toddlers a chance to work on important motor skills. Whether
it's kicking a ball or climbing stairs, they can persist until they get it right.
Doing so not only adds skills, it boosts their sense of confidence and competence.
In other words, they begin to think: "I can do it!"
Letting kids explore is one way to see that toddlers get enough daily physical
activity. Exploring fits well in that free-play category below. For kids 12- to 36-months-old,
current guidelines from the National Association for Sports & Physical Education
at least 30 minutes of structured physical activity (adult-led)
at least 60 minutes unstructured physical activity (free play)
Ideas for Exploring Inside
Possibilities for indoor amusement are endless; here are just a few:
Mirror, mirror. At this stage, kids learn to recognize themselves
in pictures or mirrors. Securely set up a mirror at eye level and let your child explore
his or her own face. Ask "Where's your nose?" or "Can you open your mouth?" Fill a
small photo album with pictures of relatives and friends that you can look through
together or let your child look at on his or her own. Toddlers also enjoy imitating
the behavior of others. Try playing physical or verbal imitation games.
Kid-friendly cabinets. Turn some low-lying cabinets into exploration
shelves, stacked with things a toddler can pull out, bang together, and shake
around. Though the items are child-safe, be sure to supervise.
Tactile toys. Toddlers love to use their sense of touch. Set
your older toddler up with some Play-Doh (store-bought or homemade), finger paint,
or other age-appropriate materials that can safely be squeezed, patted, poked,
and prodded. Younger toddlers will like wrapping paper, wax paper, or textured toys
that are fun to touch and crinkle.
Household toy box. To encourage imagination, create a toy box
with dolls, safe housekeeping items like clean sponges or brushes, dress-up clothes,
and toy telephones (without dangerous cords). Plastic containers with lids, plastic
cups and plates, and just about anything you can stack, pile, fill and empty, or nest
also make great toys for toddlers.
Climbing mount staircase. Many toddlers like to climb stairs.
Go up and down together on carpeted stairs, but be sure to replace gates when you
are done. On flat ground, depending on your child's age and abilities, practice walking
backwards or on tiptoes. Imitate animals (walk like a penguin, jump like a kangaroo,
etc.) or dance to music.
Play ball. Have a variety of balls around to play with. During
the toddler years, kids learn to kick, throw, and catch balls.
Beach it. Even just in the backyard, water and sand are great
tactile attractions for toddlers. Create a water table or use a small basin or bucket
to float boats, use other water toys, and splash around. Create a sandbox or take
kids to the beach to let them feel sand on their toes and fingers. Always supervise
kids around water, and dump out water from containers when you're done. Be sure
to cover sandboxes when not in use to keep pets and other animals from contaminating
Examine nature. Encourage your child to pick up leaves and rocks,
feel the bark on trees, and collect bugs.
Chalk it up. Sidewalk chalk comes in big sizes, perfect for the
toddler grip. Their "drawings" are abstract at best, but they'll delight in watching
their scribblings appear.
Make a lunch date. Group expeditions that bring a bunch of toddlers
together in an open space —a park, gym, recreation center, or someone's backyard
— can be fun for adults and kids. The kids might not interact much
at this age, but they're learning to and are eager to see other faces and kids.
Tips for Safe and Happy Exploration
Supervise, but step back. Pay attention to your urges to help.
After providing the materials your child needs, fight the urge to overmanage
the activity. If your child wants to bang blocks together, don't intervene unless
there's the chance that someone might get hurt.
Correct, when necessary. If your child does something dangerous,
unhealthy, or destructive — walking with pens, eating crayons, or throwing stones,
for example — gently instruct him or her about the proper use of the object:
"Chairs are for sitting, not standing" or "You can bang the spoon on the pot, but
it's not for hitting other things or people." Try not to react more strongly than
the situation calls for. Toddlers often will push the boundaries and ignore your initial
request. If gently dissuading them doesn't work, try to distract them with other activities
Remember: "It's all about the journey." Anyone who's tried walking
a child to the library or a friend's house knows that the journey there is full of
distractions and stops. Kids often want to examine everyday items most of us overlook.
Bugs, rocks, lawn ornaments, fallen leaves, parked cars — they're all fascinating
to toddlers. Encourage them to touch bark, examine twigs, watch spiders, or look at
the colors of lights and shop signs, watch doors opening and closing, trucks idling,
and people boarding buses.
As parents, you might feel impatient to get busy and get your child to the activity
you've planned. You want to get started "doing something." But to kids, this exploration
is doing something. Rather than rushing along, take a deep breath
and make new discoveries together.