radiation treatment, including proton
treatment (radiation oncology)
behavioral health specialists (psychology and psychiatry)
nutrition (registered dietitian)
Surgeons usually remove the tumor as the first step in treatment. Depending on
the tumor's size and location, it may be removed through a temporary hole cut in the
skull or through the nose.
The surgeon will put a drain tube (shunt) in at the time of surgery if the child
has water on the brain (hydrocephalus).
If the surgeon can't completely remove the tumor, the child may also need radiation
Doctors continue looking for new ways to treat craniopharyngiomas. Some patients
might be candidates for a clinical
trial. If your child has a craniopharyngioma, talk to the doctor about whether
this might be a good treatment option.
What Else Should I Know?
After surgery to remove a craniopharyngioma, the pituitary gland may have some
permanent injury. A child may have to take medicines to replace some hormones for
Radiation therapy can make the pituitary gland stop working several years after
treatment. So children who had this treatment should see a hormone specialist — or
— every year.
After treatment, doctors will do follow-up MRIs for several years to check if the
tumor has come back.