Language development really takes off during this time, especially as your little
one approaches the second birthday.
Kids this age are better able to comprehend what is said to them and express what
they want through words and gestures. They take joy in their ability to understand
directions — and won't hesitate to give directions of their own.
How Do Toddlers Communicate?
Most kids say their first words around the time of their first birthday. A toddler
who is preoccupied with learning to walk may push talking to the back burner;
it's not unusual and is nothing to be alarmed about.
Kids this age might have learned fragments of dozens of words that may not be
recognizable. They may echo what they hear or mix a few words with jargon (babbling
with sentence-like intonations). When they get around to talking, though, they'll
probably progress quickly and soon be able to point at something familiar and say
its name, and recognize names of familiar people, objects, and body parts.
By 2 years old, most toddlers will say 50 words or more, use phrases, and be able
to put together two-word sentences.
No matter when they say their first words, it's a sure bet they are already understanding
much of what is said to them before that. Your child should be able to respond
to simple commands ("Roll the ball to Mommy") and should be fully aware of the names
of familiar objects and family members.
How Can I Encourage Language Development?
Your little one is listening to everything you say and storing it away at
an incredible rate. Instead of using "baby" words, use the correct names for people,
places, and things. Speak slowly and clearly, and keep it simple.
Your 1-year-old might still be communicating with gestures such as pointing at
pictures or at something he or she wants. Gestures will get more elaborate over this
year as toddlers use them to imitate actions, express themselves, and play.
Gestures are an important part of language development. Make the connection between
gestures and language by using a running commentary such as, "Do you want a drink?"
(when your child points to the refrigerator), then wait for a response. Then say,
"What do you want? Milk? OK, let's get some milk." Such behavior encourages kids to
respond and participate in conversations.
Your child will probably enjoy gesture games, like pat-a-cake and so-big, and identifying
things, such as body parts, pictures, or objects, and familiar people: "Where's your
ear?", "Show me the ball" and "Where is Mommy?"
Your child's vocabulary will grow quickly, but pronunciation isn't likely to keep
pace. By 2 years of age, most kids are understandable only about half the time. But
emphasize the correct pronunciations in your responses.
When Should I Call the Doctor?
Most children meet these language milestones during this period:
saying several words by 15-18 months of age
pointing to familiar people, objects, and some body parts by 18 months
saying 50 or more words by 2 years of age
putting two words together to form a sentence by age 2
following two-step commands by age 2
Share any any concerns with your doctor, especially if your child is not talking
or you have concerns about hearing.
Some parents worry that a toddler who is not speaking may have autism.
Children with autism and related conditions may have delayed speech or other problems
with communication, but poor social interactions and limited or restricted interests
or patterns of behavior are also hallmarks of the disorder.
If you have any questions or concerns about your child's development, talk with