Also called: CP; Cerebral Palsy; Spastic Paralysis; Infantile Cerebral
Cerebral palsy (CP)
is a brain disorder that affects muscle tone and motor skills (the ability to coordinate
Infantile cerebral palsy may be caused by:
maternal health problems (the health of the mother during pregnancy)
genetic mutation (any change in a gene,
the information in cells passed down from parents)
something else that interferes with normal brain development
Problems during labor and delivery also can sometimes cause CP.
Cerebral palsy makes muscle control and coordination difficult. Everything from
standing still and breathing to bladder and bowel control can be affected in
someone with cerebral palsy.
CP also can lead to other health issues, including vision, hearing, and speech
problems, and learning disabilities. Kids with severe cerebral palsy also may
have seizures, speech and communication problems, and sometimes intellectual disability.
Cerebral palsy does not get worse over time. There is no cure for CP, but treatment,
therapy, special equipment, and (in some cases) surgery can have a big impact on a
child's development and quality of life.
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