2. Ask questions, address any concerns, and offer advice about
how your baby is:
Feeding. Infants should
be fed when they seem hungry. At this age, breastfed babies will eat about eight
to twelve times in a 24-hour period. Formula-fed infants consume about 24 ounces a
day. Burp your baby midway through
feedings and at the end.
Peeing and pooping. Infants should have about six wet diapers
a day. The number of poopy diapers varies, but most breastfed babies will have three
or more. Around 6 weeks of age, breastfed babies may go several days without a bowel
movement. Formula-fed babies have at least one bowel movement a day. Tell your doctor
if you have any concerns about your infant's bowel movements.
Sleeping. Infants this
age sleep about 14 to 17 hours a day, including 4 or 5 daytime naps. Breastfed
babies may still wake often to eat at night, while bottle-fed infants may sleep for
respond to sound by quieting down, blinking, turning the head, startling, or crying
still hold arms and legs in a flexed position, but start to extend legs more frequently
move arms and legs equally
lift the head briefly when on the stomach
have strong newborn reflexes:
rooting and sucking: turns toward, then sucks breast/bottle nipple
grasp: tightly grabs hold of a finger placed within the palm
fencer's pose: straightens arm when head is turned to that side and bends opposite
Moro reflex (startle response): throws out arms and legs and then curls them in
3. Do a physical exam
with your baby undressed while you are present. This will include an eye exam, listening
to your baby's heart and feeling pulses, examining the belly, and checking the hips.
4. Do screening tests. Your doctor will review the screening tests
from the hospital and repeat tests, if needed. If a hearing test wasn't done then,
your baby will have one now.
5. Update immunizations.Immunizations
can protect infants from serious childhood illnesses, so it's important that your
baby get them on time. Immunization schedules can vary from office to office, so talk
to your doctor about what to expect.
Here are some things to keep in mind until your baby's next routine checkup at
Continue to feed your baby when he or she is hungry. Pay attention
to signs that your baby is full, such as turning away from the breast or nipple and
closing the mouth. Between 6 and 8 weeks, your baby may be hungrier due to a growth
Don't give solid foods or or juice.
Don't put cereal in your baby's bottle unless directed to by your doctor.
Hold your baby and be attentive to his or her needs. You can't
spoil a baby.
Sing, talk, and read
to your baby. Babies learn best by interacting with people.
Give your baby supervised "tummy time" when awake. Always supervise
your baby and be ready to help if he or she gets tired or frustrated in this position.
It's normal for infants to have fussy periods, but for some,
crying can be excessive, lasting several hours a day. If a baby develops colic,
it usually starts in an otherwise well baby at around 3 weeks, peaks around 6 weeks,
and improves by 3 months.
Call your doctor if your baby has a fever or is acting sick.
Don't give medicine to an infant younger than 2 months old without talking to your
It's common for new moms to feel tired and overwhelmed at times. But if these
feelings are intense, or you feel sad,
moody, or anxious, call your doctor.
Talk to your doctor if you're concerned about your living situation.
Do you have the things that you need to take care of your baby? Do you have enough
food, a safe place to live, and health
insurance? Your doctor can tell you about community resources or refer you to
a social worker.
While your baby is awake, don't leave your little one unattended,
especially on high surfaces or in the bath.
baby — it can cause bleeding in the brain and even death.
Avoid sun exposure
by keeping your baby covered and in the shade when possible. Sunscreens are not recommended
for infants younger than 6 months. However, you may use a small amount of sunscreen
on an infant younger than 6 months if shade and clothing don't offer enough protection.
These checkup sheets are consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics
(AAP)/Bright Futures guidelines.