The best way to deal with sports injuries is to keep them from happening in the
first place. Think of avoiding injury as just another part of playing by the rulebook.
Knowing the rules of the game you're playing and using the right equipment can go
a long way toward preventing injuries.
Types of Sports Injuries
Common reasons why teens get injured playing sports include:
Overuse injuries include things like stress
fractures and tendonitis. These injuries are also called chronic injuries
because they happen over time, usually from repetitive
training, like running, overhand throwing, or serving a ball in tennis. Overuse
injuries can be just as damaging as acute injuries, even though they might not seem
serious at first. If they're not treated, they usually get worse.
What To Do
If you think you've been injured, pull yourself out the game or stop doing
your activity or workout. Let a coach or parent know what happened in case you need
to see a doctor.
Call a doctor when:
pain is very bad
pain is worse when you're active
the injured area is swollen
your range of motion is limited
pain continues for a while, gets worse at times, or lasts for a week or more following
Where Injuries Happen
You can get a sports injury anywhere on your body. Here are some key points to
know about common sports injuries.
Head and Neck Injuries
Serious head and neck injuries happen most often in athletes who play contact sports
(like football or rugby) or sports with the potential for falling accidents, such
as horseback riding and gymnastics.
Head injuries include fractures, concussions,
contusions (bruises), and hematomas.
A hematoma is bleeding or pooling of blood in or around the brain
caused by an impact to the head from a fall, forceful shaking of the head, or a blow
to the head.
Neck injuries include strains, sprains, fractures, burners,
and whiplash, which is an injury to the neck caused by an abrupt jerking motion of
the head. Neck injuries are among the most dangerous sports injuries.
Never try to move someone who may have a neck injury. A mishandled
neck fracture could lead to permanent paralysis or even death. Keep the injured person
still with his or her head held straight while someone calls for emergency medical
help. If the person is lying on the ground, do not try to move him or her.
Most back injuries are caused by twists or overexertion of back muscles during
bending or lifting movements. Back injuries are most common in contact sports like
football and ice hockey, or in weightlifting, rowing, golf, figure skating, gymnastics,
Sex Organ Injuries
Injuries to the sex organs usually affect guys more than girls because the penis
and testicles are outside the body and are more exposed. Injuries to the uterus or
ovaries are rare, but breast injuries are a common complaint among teen girls. As
the breasts develop, they often can be sore, and a blow from a softball or a collision
during field hockey can be painful.
Hand and Wrist Injuries
Hand, finger, and wrist injuries can happen after things like a fall that
forces the hand or fingers backward, or a direct blow. As with other injuries,
hand and wrist injuries are most common in contact sports, such as football,
lacrosse, and hockey, or in sports like gymnastics, field hockey, rowing, and basketball
where the fingers, hands, and wrists are at risk.
Foot and Ankle Injuries
Feet and ankles are particularly vulnerable to injury in sports that involve a
lot of running. Another reason for foot injuries is wearing the wrong shoes, especially
if someone has flat feet, high arches, or other foot differences.
Getting Back in the Game
Your first question after a sports injury will probably be, "When can I play
again?" This depends on the injury and what your doctor tells you. Even if you can't
return to your sport right away, a doctor or physical therapist might have suggestions
and advice on what you can do to stay fit. Always check with your doctor
before trying any activity following an injury.
A rehabilitation program also can help
you stay fit as you recover. If rehabilitation ("rehab" for short) is part of your
treatment program it might include exercise, manual therapy from a physical therapist,
and ultrasound or other technology to help relieve pain and promote healing.
When you've recovered, you might need new protective gear to protect an injured
body part. This can include modified shoes, tape to provide extra support, or additional
padding to protect against a direct blow.
To help prevent reinjury, be sure to warm up before practice and games. Take it
slow when you first get back to your sport and gradually build back up to your preinjury
Most importantly, know your limits. Check in with your body: if a previously injured
area (or any body part) begins to hurt, stop right away and rest. Get help from
a doctor if the pain continues. Pain is your body's way of saying something isn't