Polio is an infection caused by a
virus that can lead to permanent paralysis.
IPV Immunization Schedule
Children usually get the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) at ages 2 months,
4 months, 6–18 months, and 4–6 years.
Sometimes IPV is given in a combination vaccine along with other vaccines. In this
case, a child might receive a fifth dose of IPV. This is safe.
The oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is still used in many parts of the world, but
hasn't been used in the United States since 2000. Using IPV eliminates the small risk
of developing polio after receiving the live oral polio vaccine.
OPV doses given before April 2016 can count toward a child's U.S. polio vaccination
requirements. Doses given after that will not count.
Why Is the IPV Vaccine Recommended?
The vaccine offers protection against polio, which can cause paralysis and death.
What Are the Possible Side Effects of IPV Immunization?
Side effects include fever and redness or soreness at the injection site. There
is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine.
When to Delay or Avoid IPV Immunization
The vaccine is not recommended if your child:
has a severe allergy to the antibiotics neomycin, streptomycin, or polymyxin B
IPV may cause mild fever, and soreness and redness where the shot was given for
several days. Check with your doctor to see if you can give either acetaminophen
or ibuprofen for pain or fever and
to find out the right dose.
When Should I Call the Doctor?
Call the doctor if:
You aren't sure whether the vaccine should be postponed or avoided.
Your child has any problems after getting the vaccine.