Gonorrhea (gah-nuh-REE-uh) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
What Are STDs?
STDs (also called sexually
transmitted infections or STIs) are infections that spread through sex (vaginal, oral,
or anal). Some STDs can spread through close contact with the genitals or body fluids.
How Do People Get Gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea spreads through sex (vaginal, oral, or anal) with someone who has the
What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Gonorrhea?
Someone with gonorrhea may have:
discharge from the vagina, penis, or anus
in men, pain in testicles
in women, vaginal bleeding between periods
pain in the lower belly
pain when peeing
rectal pain, especially when having a bowel movement (pooping)
Many people with gonorrhea have no symptoms. They can spread the infection to others
without knowing it.
What Causes Gonorrhea?
A type of
, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, causes gonorrhea.
How Is Gonorrhea Diagnosed?
To find out if someone has gonorrhea, health care providers do tests on:
fluid or discharge from the vagina, cervix (opening to the womb), urethra (where
pee comes out), throat, or anus
How Is Gonorrhea Treated?
Health care providers treat gonorrhea with
. Two antibiotics are needed because the gonorrhea germs may not be killed
with only one antibiotic. The first antibiotic is given as a shot in the doctor's
office. The second antibiotic is taken by mouth.
All sexual partners from the past 2 months need treatment too, even if they don't
have signs of gonorrhea.
If someone still has symptoms after treatment, they may need treatment with different
antibiotics. Or they may have been infected with gonorrhea again.
People can get gonorrhea again if:
their partners aren't treated with antibiotics
they get treated but then have sex with someone else who has gonorrhea