May also be called: Secondary Peritonitis; Spontaneous Peritonitis
Peritonitis (pare-uh-tow-NY-tis) is inflammation of the layer of tissue that covers
the wall of the abdomen,
as well as most of the organs in the abdomen.
More to Know
There are two kinds of peritonitis, spontaneous and secondary:
Spontaneous peritonitis is caused by an infection of fluid in the peritoneum (abdominal
cavity), usually related to liver or kidney
Secondary peritonitis happens when bacteria enter the peritoneum and cause an
infection. Often this involves a hole (puncture) in the gastrointestinal tract. This
can be the result of a ruptured appendix, perforated stomach ulcer, perforated intestines,
or abdominal injury.
Untreated peritonitis can allow the infection to spread throughout the body and
lead to sepsis. Peritonitis
causes symptoms like abdominal pain, a bloated or firm abdomen, fever, chills, nausea,
Keep in Mind
Peritonitis is a serious, life-threatening condition that requires immediate
medical treatment (which may include antibiotics and surgery). In most cases, if the
peritonitis and any underlying conditions are diagnosed in their early stages, prompt
treatment can lead to a full recovery.
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