May also be called: Muscle Pain; Muscle Aches; Myoneuralgia
Myalgia (my-AL-ja) is pain or tenderness in a muscle
or group of muscles.
More to Know
Many things can cause pain in specific muscles, including stress, using the muscle
too much, or a minor injury. This type of myalgia often happens after athletic activity
or doing a job that requires physical exertion. Sometimes, muscle pain can be a symptom
of a condition that affects the whole body, such as fibromyalgia
(which causes widespread muscle pain, headaches, and fatigue), the flu, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Certain
medications and drugs also can cause it.
When myalgia is a result of stress, overuse, or injury, treatment usually involves
resting the affected muscles, doing only low-impact aerobic exercise, and using anti-inflammatory
medications, compresses, and massage. Muscle pain caused by a disease is managed by
treating the underlying condition. If myalgia is caused by a medication, treatment
usually involves stopping use of the medication or decreasing the dosage.
Keep in Mind
Most simple cases of myalgia can be treated at home and will clear up on their
own within a few days. These cases can often be prevented by staying well hydrated
and stretching before and after physical activities.
Muscle pain that lasts longer than a few days, is severe, or is associated with
other symptoms may require medical attention but generally responds well to treatment.
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