Fire drills are a big part of being safe in school: They prepare you for what you
need to do in case of a fire. But what if there was a fire where you live? Would
you know what to do? Talking about fires can be scary because no one likes
to think about people getting hurt or their things getting burned. But you can feel
less worried if you are prepared.
It's a good idea for families to talk about what they would do to escape a fire.
Different families will have different strategies. Some kids live in one-story houses
and other kids live in tall buildings. You'll want to talk about escape plans and
escape routes, so let's start there.
Know Your Way Out
An escape plan can help every member of a family get out of a burning house. The
idea is to get outside quickly and safely. Smoke from a fire can
make it hard to see where things are, so it's important to learn and remember the
different ways out of your home. How many exits are there? How do you get to them
from your room? It's a good idea to have your family draw a map of the escape plan.
It's possible one way out could be blocked by fire or smoke, so you'll want to
know where other ones are. And if you live in an apartment building, you'll want to
know the best way to the stairwell or other emergency exits.
If you're in a room with the door closed when the fire breaks out, you need to
take a few extra steps:
Check to see if there's heat or smoke coming in the cracks around the door. (You're
checking to see if there's fire on the other side.)
If you see smoke coming under the door — don't open the door!
If you don't see smoke — touch the door. If the door is hot or very warm
— don't open the door!
If you don't see smoke — and the door is not hot — then use your fingers
to lightly touch the doorknob. If the doorknob is hot or very warm —
don't open the door!
If the doorknob feels cool, and you can't see any smoke around the door, you can
open the door very carefully and slowly. When you open the door, if you feel a burst
of heat or smoke pours into the room, quickly shut the door and make sure it is really
closed. If there's no smoke or heat when you open the door, go toward your
escape route exit.
If you can see smoke in the house, stay low to the ground as you make your way
to the exit. In a fire, smoke and poisonous air hurt more people than the actual flames
do. You'll breathe less smoke if you stay close to the ground.
Smoke naturally rises, so if there is smoke while you're using your escape route,
staying low means you can crawl under most of it. You can drop to the floor and crawl
on your hands and knees below the smoke.
Exiting through a door that leads outside should be your first choice as an escape
route, but also ask your parents about windows and if they would be possible escape
routes. Even windows on a higher floor could be safe escape routes if you had help,
like from a firefighter or another adult.
Ask your parents to teach you how to unlock the windows, open them, and remove
the screen, if needed. Make sure you only do this in an emergency! Lots of kids are
injured because they fall out of windows.
Sometimes, families even have collapsible rescue ladders that can be used to escape
from upper floors of a house. If you have one, ask your mom or dad to show you how
In addition to planning your escape routes, you'll also want to know where family
members will meet outside. This is helpful because then everyone shows up in one place
and you'll know that everyone is safe. You might choose the front porch of a neighbor's
house or some other nearby spot.
It's normal to worry about your pets or a favorite toy, but if there is a fire,
you have to leave them behind. The most important thing is that you get out safely.
It's also important to know that you shouldn't stay in the house any longer than you
must — not even to call 911.
Someone else can make that call from outside.
Once you're out, do not go back in for anything — even pets.
You can tell the fire rescue people about any pets that were left behind and they
may be able to help.
What if You Can't Get Out Right Away?
If you can't get out fast, because fire or smoke is blocking an escape route, you'll
want to yell for help. You can do this from an open window or call 911 if you have
a phone with you.
Even if you're scared, never hide under the bed or in a closet.
Then, firefighters will have a hard time finding you. Know that firefighters or other
adults will be looking for you to help you out safely. The sooner they find you, the
sooner you both can get out.
In the meanwhile, keep heat and smoke from getting through the door by blocking
the cracks around the door with sheets, blankets, and/or clothing. If there is a window
in the room that is not possible to escape from, open it wide and stand in front of
it. If you can grab a piece of clothing or a towel, place it over your mouth to keep
from breathing in the smoke. This works even better if you wet the cloth first.
It's great to talk about emergency plans, but it's even better if you practice
them, like the fire drills you have at school. Having a fire drill at home gives everyone
a chance to see how they would react in a real emergency.
You can see how quickly and safely everyone can get out of the house. Your family
should practice this drill twice a year, every year. It's also a good time to remind
your parents to change the batteries in the smoke alarms.
A good rule of thumb during a home fire drill is to see if your family can safely
get out the house using the escape routes and meet outside at the same place within
3 minutes. For an extra challenge, you might try variations, like
pretending that the front door was blocked and you couldn't get out that way.
If Your Clothes Catch Fire
A person's clothes could catch fire during a fire or by accident, like if you step
too close to a candle. If this happens, don't run! Instead, stop, drop to the ground,
cover your face with your hands, and roll. This will cut off the air and put out the
flames. An easy way to remember this is: Stop, Drop, and Roll!
Every year, kids of all ages start over 35,000 fires that hurt people and damage
property. You can do your part to prevent fires by never playing
with matches, lighters, and other fire sources. Also stay away from fireplaces, candles,
By following this advice, you'll be doing important work — preventing fires
in the first place!