Trichomoniasis (often called "trich") is a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
STDs (also called sexually transmitted infections or STIs) are infections that spread through sex (vaginal, oral, or anal). Some STDs can spread through close contact with the genitals or body fluids.
Trichomoniasis (trik-uh-muh-NYE-uh-siss) spreads between men and women through vaginal sex. Women can spread trich to other women through sexual contact. Men do not usually get trich from other men.
Many people with trich have no symptoms. They can spread the infection to others without knowing it.
In females, symptoms can include:
In males, symptoms can include:
Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis.
To find out if someone has trich, health care providers do tests on:
Health care providers treat trichomoniasis with an antibiotic. All sexual partners from the past 2 months need treatment too, even if they don't have signs of trichomoniasis.
People can get trichomoniasis again if:
Females who don't get treatment for trichomoniasis have a greater chance of:
Males who don't get treatment for trichomoniasis have a greater chance of:
The only way to prevent trichomoniasis and other STDs is to not have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). If someone decides to have sex, using a latex condom every time can prevent most STDs.
Anyone who is sexually active should get tested for STDs every year, or more often if recommended by their health care provider.