Sleep is important for a child's growth, development, and overall health. For infants and young children, total sleep time includes sleep at night and naps during the day.
How much sleep kids need varies by age. While every child is different, experts recommend:
Infants (0–3 months): 14–17 hours. Infants tend to sleep on and off around the clock, waking every couple of hours to eat.
Infants (4–12 months): 12–16 hours. Around 4 months of age, sleep rhythms start to become more set. Most babies are sleeping longer at night and have 2–3 daytime naps.
Toddlers (1–2 years): 11–14 hours. Young toddlers may still take two naps, but most drop down to one nap a day by 18 months.
Preschool (3–5 years): 10–13 hours. Many preschoolers get enough sleep at night and give up their afternoon nap during these years.
School age (6–12 years): 9–12 hours. Kids over 6 should get all their sleep at night. If your older child regularly naps, set a bedtime that allows for the recommended amount of sleep.
How Can I Tell if My Child Needs to Nap?
Kids may need to nap if they don’t get enough sleep at night. Most parents underestimate the amount of sleep kids need, so keep in mind recommended sleep times when planning nap times and bedtimes. Sleepy kids may rub their eyes and look tired, or they may act out or have other behavior problems.
Does my child act sleepy during the day?
Is my child cranky, whiny, or moody, especially later in the day?
Is it a battle to get my child out of bed in the morning?
Is my child inattentive, impatient, hyperactive, or aggressive?
Does my child have trouble focusing or following directions?
If you answered yes to any of these questions, consider changing your child's bedtime or nap schedule.
How Can I Help My Child Nap?
The key can be as simple as setting up a consistent nap routine early on and sticking to it. Soft music, dim lights, and a quiet story can help kids settle into their naps.
Put infants down for a nap while they’re sleepy but not yet asleep. This helps kids learn how to fall asleep by themselves — a skill that gets even more important as they get older.
For toddlers and preschoolers, set regular naptimes that are not too close to bedtime. Sticking to a naptime schedule can be a challenge. Many do still love their nap, but others don't want to miss a thing and fight going to sleep. If your child gives up daytime naps, consider setting an earlier bedtime.
What if My Child Won’t Nap?
Don't let naptime become a battle — you can't force your child to sleep. If your child won’t nap, set aside some quiet time.
During quiet time, let your child read books or play quietly in their room. Parents are often surprised by how quickly quiet time can lead to sleep time. Even if kids don’t sleep, they still get some much-needed rest.
It can take time to find a sleep routine that works. Talk to your doctor if you have questions or concerns about your child's sleep.