Trichomoniasis (often called "trich") is a sexually transmitted disease
STDs (also called sexually transmitted
infections or STIs) are infections that spread through sex (vaginal, oral, or anal).
Some STDs can spread through close contact with the genitals or body fluids.
Trichomoniasis (trik-uh-muh-NEYE-uh-siss) spreads between men and women through
vaginal sex. Women can spread trich to other women through sexual contact. Men do
not usually get trich from other men.
Many people with trich have no symptoms. They can spread the infection to others
without knowing it.
In females, symptoms can include:
In males, symptoms can include:
Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis.
To find out if someone has trich, health care providers do tests on:
Health care providers treat trichomoniasis with
. All sexual partners from the past 2 months need treatment too, even
if they don't have signs of trichomoniasis.
Avoid drinking alcohol while taking the antibiotic and for 3 days after finishing
it. Drinking alcohol while taking the antibiotic for trich can cause a fast heart
rate, nausea, and vomiting.
People can get trichomoniasis again if:
Females who don't get treatment for trichomoniasis have a greater chance of:
Males who don't get treatment for trichomoniasis have a greater chance of:
The only way to prevent trichomoniasis and other STDs is to not
have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). If you decide to have sex, using a latex condom
every time can prevent most STDs.
If you're sexually active, get
tested for STDs every year, or more often if recommended by your health care provider.