Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called "sugar diabetes") is a condition that occurs
when the body can't use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source
of energy for the body's cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled
by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose
enter the cells.
In diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin (type
1 diabetes) or the body can't respond normally to the insulin that is made (type 2 diabetes). This causes glucose
levels in the blood to rise, leading to symptoms such as increased urination, extreme
thirst, and unexplained weight loss.