When Hodgkin disease is suspected, doctors will order a number of tests.
A biopsy (removal of tissue
for testing) of the lymph node is usually the first test. The two types of biopsies
Core biopsy: The doctor numbs part of the body with local anesthesia and uses a
hollow needle to remove a small amount of tissue from the lymph node.
Incisional biopsy or excisional biopsy: An anesthesiologist gives
general anesthesia so
the patient is asleep for the procedure and doesn't feel pain. Then, a surgeon opens
the skin to remove part of the enlarged lymph node (an incisional biopsy) or all of
it (an excisional biopsy).
If the biopsy confirms Hodgkin lymphoma, more tests might be done to see if the
cancer has spread. These include:
This treatment uses high-energy X-rays to shrink tumors and prevent them from growing.
Also called X-ray therapy.
These are ways to test new cancer treatments or compare them with existing treatments.
These trials may include all the other types of therapy, and are often aimed at decreasing
overall side effects.
Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma is successful for most kids and teens. The treatment
used is based on staging. Staging is a way to describe how much cancer
is in the body and where it is at the time of diagnosis. The stage at diagnosis can
help the cancer team choose the best therapy and predict how someone with lymphoma
will do in the long term.
What Are the Side Effects of Treatment of Hodgkin Lymphoma?
Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma destroys good cells along with bad ones. This can
cause side effects.
Intensive lymphoma treatment affects the bone marrow, causing anemia,
easy bleeding, and increasing the risk for serious infections.
Most kids and teens with Hodgkin lymphoma are cured, meaning they will have long-term
After treatment, anyone who has had Hodgkin lymphoma should have regular checkups
throughout their life to make sure the lymphoma hasn't come back.
Having a child being treated for cancer can feel overwhelming for any family. But
you're not alone. To find support, talk to your child's doctor or a hospital social
worker. Many resources are available to help you get through this difficult time.
You also can find information and support online at: