Vitamin D deficiency is a condition that happens when a person isn't getting
enough vitamin D, which is needed for strong bones and overall health.
More to Know
Vitamin D plays a key role in bone
health by helping the body absorb calcium
and phosphorous, two of the basic building blocks of bone. We get vitamin D from
the food we eat, and our bodies also make it when our skin
is exposed to the sun. Without enough vitamin D, bones can grow too slowly and become
soft, weak, or deformed.
Besides aiding bone health, vitamin D supports the brain, muscles, and immune
system. It helps the body make new cells and fight off infection. It also reduces
Vitamin D deficiency can occur in people who don't get enough vitamin D in their
diet, have limited exposure to sunlight, have kidney or liver disease, are obese,
or have conditions or take medicines that prevent their bodies from absorbing enough
vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency is more common in people who don't eat or drink dairy
Keep in Mind
Doctors usually diagnose vitamin D deficiency by measuring levels of the vitamin
in the blood. Other blood tests and X-rays to look for bone problems also might be
Treatment includes vitamin D supplements to raise the body's levels to normal,
which helps to prevent or reverse bone problems. Some people also take calcium and/or
phosphorous supplements. A healthy diet and careful sun exposure also can help.
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