Osteoporosis (say: oss-tee-oh-puh-RO-sis) is a disease that weakens the bones,
causing them to become brittle and easily fractured. It mostly affects older people,
and women are much more likely to develop it than men.
More to Know
Bones are made up of spongy living tissue that is constantly breaking down and
rebuilding. When bone growth can't keep up with bone loss, osteoporosis occurs.
Bone loss is largely due to age, but also can be a result of hormone problems,
poor diet, certain medications, and excessive alcohol or tobacco use. People with
osteoporosis may fracture their hips, wrist, or spine. They may also have back pain,
poor posture, and a decrease in height.
Treatment for osteoporosis usually includes medications, vitamin D, and calcium
supplements to improve bone density. Diet and exercise, especially weight
training, can also help strengthen bones. Avoiding hazards that can cause falls
is always good practice for someone with osteoporosis.
Keep in Mind
Exercising regularly and eating a calcium-rich
diet (milk, cheese, yogurt, green leafy vegetables, fortified orange juice, etc.)
is the best way for kids and teens to build healthy, strong bones now to avoid osteoporosis
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