If you are trained, perform the Heimlich maneuver immediately. If you are not trained in the Heimlich maneuver, wait for medical care to arrive.
If a child starts choking and becomes unconscious and stops breathing:
Call 911 immediately.
Start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately. If you are not trained in CPR, wait for emergency medical care.
Do not pat the child on the back.
Do not reach into a child's mouth to try to remove the object.
If a child is able to breathe and talk while gagging or coughing, then the airway is not blocked. Keep an eye on the child if this happens — most likely, he or she is having a coughing attack and will be fine afterward.
If a child had a serious choking attack and has difficulty breathing or speaking, call 911 immediately. After you call 911, call the child's parents.
To help prevent choking:
Never feed kids younger than 4 years old foods that are easy to choke on, such as nuts, raw carrots, popcorn, and hard or gooey candy. Cut foods like hot dogs and grapes into small pieces.
Make sure that kids sit down to eat, take small bites, and don't talk or laugh with their mouths full while eating.
In a house with babies and toddlers, pick up items off the floor that might be dangerous if swallowed. These include deflated balloons, coins, beads, pen caps, and batteries. Keep toys or gadgets with small parts out of reach.