Strains are injuries to muscle due to overstretching, while sprains involve a stretch or a partial tear of ligaments (which connect two bones) or tendons (which connect muscle to bone). Sprains and strains happen more often in teens than in younger children.
Signs and Symptoms
pain in the joint or muscle
swelling and bruising
warmth and redness of the injured area
difficulty moving the injured part
What to Do
Make sure your child stops activity right away.
Think R.I.C.E. for the first 48 hours after the injury:
Rest: Rest the injured part until it's less painful.
Ice: Wrap an icepack or cold compress in a towel and place over the injured part immediately. Continue for no more than 20 minutes at a time, four to eight times a day.
Compression: Support the injured part with an elastic compression bandage for at least 2 days.
Elevation: Raise the injured part above heart level to decrease swelling.