2. Check your child's blood pressure and vision, if your child is able to cooperate.
3. Ask questions, address concerns, and offer guidance about how your child is:
Eating. Growth is slow and steady during the preschool years. Offer three meals and two nutritious snacks a day. Even if your child is a picky eater, keep offering a variety of healthy foods.
Peeing and pooping. Your preschooler may be potty trained or using the potty during the day. Even so, it is common for kids this age to have an occasional accident during the day and still need a diaper at night. If your child has not yet shown the signs of being ready to potty train, tell your doctor. Also let the doctor know if your child is constipated, has diarrhea, seems to be "holding it," or was potty trained but is now having problems.
Developing. By 3 years, it's common for many kids to:
string three or more words together to form short sentences
be understood most of the time when they speak
pedal a tricycle
walk up stairs alternating feet
copy a circle
dress and undress with a little help
take turns while playing
4. Perform a physical exam with your child undressed while you are present. This will include an eye exam, teeth exam, listening to the heart and lungs, and paying attention to speech and language development.
5. Update immunizations.Immunizations can protect kids from serious childhood illnesses, so it's important that your child receive them on time. Immunization schedules can vary from office to office, so talk to your doctor about what to expect.
Here are some things to keep in mind until your next routine visit at 4 years:
Preschoolers should get 2 cups (480 ml) of low-fat or nonfat milk (or equivalent low-fat dairy products) daily.
Limit juice to no more than 4-6 ounces (120-180 ml) a day.
Limit foods and drinks that are high in sugar and fat.
Make time to eat together as a family most nights of the week.
If your child gives up the afternoon nap, be sure to allow for some quiet "winding down" time during the day. You may also need to adjust bedtime to ensure your child gets enough sleep.
Nightmares and night awakenings are common at this age. Establish a consistent bedtime routine to help your child fall asleep at night. Avoid scary or upsetting images or stories, especially before bed.
If you've enrolled your child in preschool, visit the classroom together a few times before school starts. If your child is not in preschool, look for opportunities to interact and play with other kids.
Limit screen time (spent on TV shows, DVDs, smartphones, video games, tablets, and computers) to no more than 1 to 2 hours a day of quality children's programming.
Use a forward-facing car seat with a harness in the back seat until your child reaches the highest weight or height limit allowed by the car-seat manufacturer.
Protect your child from gun injuries by not keeping a gun in the home. If you do have a gun, keep it unloaded and locked away. Ammunition should be locked up separately. Make sure kids cannot access the keys.
These checkup sheets are consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)/Bright Futures guidelines.