The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) protect against pneumococcal infections, which are caused by bacteria.
PCV13 protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria (the types that cause the most common pneumococcal infections in kids). PPSV23 protects against 23 types. These vaccines not only prevent infections in children who are immunized, but also help stop the infections from spreading.
PCV13 immunizations are given to all infants as a series of four injections:
Some kids older than age 2 also might need a shot of PCV13; for example, if they have missed one or more shots or if they have a chronic health condition (such as heart or lung disease) or one that weakens the immune system (like asplenia, HIV infection, etc.). A doctor can decide when and how often a child will need to receive PCV13.
PPSV23 immunizations are recommended as added protection against pneumococcal disease in kids 2–18 years old who have certain chronic health conditions, including heart, lung, or liver disease; diabetes; kidney failure; a weakened immune system (such as from cancer or HIV infection); or cochlear implants.
Children younger than 2 years old, adults over 65, and people with certain medical conditions are at high risk of developing serious pneumococcal infections. These vaccines are very effective at preventing severe disease, hospitalization, and even death.
Kids may have redness, tenderness, or swelling where the shot was given. A child also might have a fever after getting the shot. There is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine.
These vaccines are not recommended if your child:
These vaccines may cause mild fever and soreness or redness in the area where the shot was given. Check with your doctor to see if you can give either acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain or fever and to find out the appropriate dose.