1. Check your toddler's weight, length, and head circumference and plot the measurements on the growth charts.
2. Ask questions, address concerns, and offer advice about how your child is:
Eating. By 12 months, toddlers are ready to switch from formula to cow's milk. Children may be breastfed beyond 1 year of age, if desired. Your child may be moving away from baby foods and may be more interested in table foods. Offer a variety of soft table foods and avoid choking hazards.
Pooping. As you introduce more foods and whole milk, the appearance and frequency of your child's poopy diapers may change. Let your doctor know if your child has diarrhea, is constipated, or has poop that's hard to pass.
walk with one hand held and possibly even walk alone
precisely pick up object with thumb and forefinger
feed self with hands
enjoy peek-a-boo, pat-a-cake, and other social games
3. Perform a physical exam with your child undressed while you are present.
4. Update immunizations.Immunizations can protect kids from serious childhood illnesses, so it's important that your child receive them on time. Immunization schedules can vary from office to office, so talk to your doctor about what to expect.
Here are some things to keep in mind until your next routine visit at 15 months:
Give your child whole milk (not low-fat or skim milk) until 2 years of age.
Limit your child's intake of cow's milk to about 16–24 ounces (480–720 ml) a day. Transition from a bottle to a cup. If you're nursing, begin offering pumped breast milk in a cup.
Serve juice in a cup and limit it to no more than 4 ounces (120 ml) a day.
Serve iron-fortified cereal and increase iron-rich foods (such as sweet potatoes, strawberries, and beans) in your child's diet.
Have your child remain seated when drinking and eating.
Serve three meals and two or three nutritious snacks a day. Don't be alarmed if your child seems to eat less than before. Growth slows during the second year and appetites tend to decrease. Talk to your doctor if you're concerned.
Avoid foods that can cause choking, such as whole grapes, raisins, popcorn, pretzels, nuts, hot dogs, sausages, chunks of meat, hard cheese, raw veggies, or hard fruits.
Avoid drinks or foods that are high in sugar.
Babies learn best by interacting with people. Make time to talk, read, and play with your child every day.
TV viewing (or other screen time, including computers) can interfere with the brain development of young children. Therefore, TV is not recommended for those under 2 years old.
To prevent drowning, close bathroom doors, keep toilet seats down, and always supervise your child around water (including baths).
Limit your child's exposure to secondhand smoke, which increases the risk of heart and lung disease.
Protect your child from gun injuries by not keeping a gun in the home. If you do have a gun, keep it unloaded and locked away. Ammunition should be locked up separately. Make sure kids cannot access the keys.
These checkup sheets are consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)/Bright Futures guidelines.