The condition is often caused by bacteria that spread from a sinus infection or bacteria that enter through direct trauma to the eye.
People with orbital cellulitis may experience painful swelling and discoloration of the eyelids, poor vision, eye pain, difficulty moving the eye, and fever. It's important to see a doctor as soon as symptoms appear because the condition progresses quickly and can cause serious complications such as blindness, meningitis, and blood or brain infections.
People with orbital cellulitis are admitted to the hospital for treatment so doctors can run diagnostic tests, give antibiotics through a vein, and monitor patients closely. In some cases surgery is necessary to drain fluid from the infected area and relieve pressure. A full recovery can be expected if treatment starts quickly.
You can help prevent orbital cellulitis by making sure you and your family members get vaccinated to help prevent certain infections and treat all infections at their earliest onset. See your doctor immediately if there is eye swelling, eye pain, and fever.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.